Suppose $(x_1 , y_1)$ ,$(x_2 , y_2)$ and $(x_3 , y_3)$ are three given points on a circle. Let its center be denoted by $(h,k)$. Then,

$\boxed{h = \dfrac 12 \cdot \dfrac{\displaystyle \sum_{(i=1,2,3) \\ (j=2,3,1) \\ (k=3,1,2)} \left( y_i - y_j \right) \left( {x_k}^2 + {y_k}^2 \right)} { \displaystyle \sum_{(i=1,2,3) \\ (j=2,3,1)} x_i y_j ~-~ \displaystyle \sum_{(i=1,2,3) \\ (j=2,3,1)} y_i x_j }}$

$\boxed{k = \dfrac 12 \cdot \dfrac{\displaystyle \sum_{(i=1,2,3) \\ (j=2,3,1) \\ (k=3,1,2)} \left( x_i - x_j \right) \left( {x_k}^2 + {y_k}^2 \right)} { \displaystyle \sum_{(i=1,2,3) \\ (j=2,3,1)} y_i x_j ~-~ \displaystyle \sum_{(i=1,2,3) \\ (j=2,3,1)} x_i y_j }}$

And the equation of circle is:

$\boxed{ {(x-h)}^2 + {(y-k)}^2 = {(h-{x_a})}^2 + {(k-{y_a})}^2 }$ where $a = 1,2,3$.

The proof is very simple yet lengthy, so I'll leave it up to the reader to find it out. You can give your proof in the comments. The diagram given below might be helpful.

No vote yet

1 vote

×

Problem Loading...

Note Loading...

Set Loading...

$</code> ... <code>$</code>...<code>."> Easy Math Editor

`*italics*`

or`_italics_`

italics`**bold**`

or`__bold__`

boldNote: you must add a full line of space before and after lists for them to show up correctlyparagraph 1

paragraph 2

`[example link](https://brilliant.org)`

`> This is a quote`

Remember to wrap math in $</span> ... <span>$ or $</span> ... <span>$ to ensure proper formatting.`2 \times 3`

`2^{34}`

`a_{i-1}`

`\frac{2}{3}`

`\sqrt{2}`

`\sum_{i=1}^3`

`\sin \theta`

`\boxed{123}`

## Comments

Sort by:

TopNewestIs there any intuition behind the equations?

Note: It is better to write the indices as $x_i y_{i+1}$ instead of trying to express what you mean via $(i=1,2,3)(j=2,3,1)$.

Log in to reply