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A square and some other points

Let \(ABCD\) be a square and \(P\) be a point on the side \(CD\) (\(P\neq C\) and \(P\neq D\) ). Let \(AQ\) and \(BR\) be heights in the triangle \(ABP\), and let \(S\) be the interesection point of lines \(CQ\) and \(DR\). Prove that \(\angle ASB=90°\).

Note by Jorge Tipe
3 years, 3 months ago

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I will give you some hints. 1. Suppose line \(AQ\) intersect side \(BC\) at \(M\), and line \(BR\) intersect side \(AD\) at \(N\). Then \(QMCP\) and \(RPDN\) are cyclic. 2. In the picture there are many pairs of congruent triangles. Jorge Tipe · 3 years, 3 months ago

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@Jorge Tipe Thanks Jorge I know about the congruent triangles and I think I can proceed from your first hint to prove the statement in the problem

I am still struggling to find a solution to the least value of z satisfying z^3=a^4+b^4+(a+b)^4 for distinct positive integers a and b

All I want is the answer not the solution

Can you help me Des O Carroll · 3 years, 3 months ago

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@Des O Carroll The answer is 392. Jorge Tipe · 3 years, 3 months ago

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@Jorge Tipe Many thanks Jorge

Will not trouble you again

Good luck with the Olympiad training

Des O Carroll Des O Carroll · 3 years, 3 months ago

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in triangle abc angle a+b=90°, c=? Gauri Shankar · 2 years, 7 months ago

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Jorge's hint was what I first thought of to trigger some cyclics , however I will present another proof(more or less the same but probably differ in motivation since one is more of the wishful thinking type and one is more direct and logical)

It suffices to prove \(\angle CQP+\angle PRD=90\), this inspired me to drop pedals from \(C,D\) to \(PB,PA\) respectively, denote them \(X,Y\), now we just have to prove \(\triangle CQX\sim \triangle RDY\iff \frac {CX}{QX}=\frac {RY}{DY}\). Now pay some attention to congruent\(\triangle BCX,\triangle ABQ\) and \(\triangle ADX, \triangle BAR\) and the rest is not hard and can be proceeded multiple ways. Xuming Liang · 3 years, 2 months ago

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presumably we can let p be the midpoint of cd and use coordinate geometry

the calculations turn out to be a little awkward as is usual when using this method but it is the only way I can prove the result would love to see other solutions Des O Carroll · 3 years, 3 months ago

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@Des O Carroll Sir what if we draw a circle and we use tangent properties to prove the problem Biswajit Barik · 3 months, 2 weeks ago

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