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# Adjacency matrix for a square lattice

I am trying to create an adjacency matrix for $$n\times n$$ square lattice. If $$(i,j)$$ denotes a vertex in the lattice then I first index all the nodes in the lattice using a single index $$k$$ such that $$k=(i-1)*n+j$$. After that I want to write $$n^2\times n^2$$ adjacency matrix. But I am not able to do it properly. Please help me. Thank you

Note by Snehal Shekatkar
4 years, 5 months ago

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You move between adjacent vertices in the same row by adding or subtracting $$1$$, and you move between adjacent vertices in the same column by adding or subtracting $$n$$. Thus vertex $$k$$ is adjacent to:

1. Vertex $$k+1$$, unless $$n$$ divides $$k$$,

2. Vertex $$k-1$$, unless $$n$$ divides $$k-1$$,

3. Vertex $$k+n$$, unless $$k+n > n^2$$,

4. Vertex $$k-n$$, unless $$k-n\le 0$$.

Adjacency matrices for $$2\times2$$ and $$3\times3$$ grids are $\left(\begin{array}{cccc}0&1&1&0\\1&0&0&1\\1&0&0&1\\0&1&1&0\end{array}\right) \qquad \qquad \left(\begin{array}{ccccccccc}0&1&0&1&0&0&0&0&0\\1&0&1&0&1&0&0&0&0\\0&1&0&0&0&1&0&0&0\\ 1&0&0&0&1&0&1&0&0\\0&1&0&1&0&1&0&1&0\\0&0&1&0&1&0&0&0&1\\ 0&0&0&1&0&0&0&1&0\\0&0&0&0&1&0&1&0&1\\0&0&0&0&0&1&0&1&0 \end{array}\right)$

- 4 years, 5 months ago

Yess.. I modified my code and it works perfectly now!! Thank you very much sir!

- 4 years, 5 months ago

Thank you. This really looks cool.. I will modify my code now. I was mainly having problem at edges but now I got your idea of checking whether $$n$$ divides those indices or not. I will get back to you soon.

- 4 years, 5 months ago