Waste less time on Facebook — follow Brilliant.
×

An Interesting Question

what is the answer of the question? (100-100)/(10-10)

Note by Manish Agarwal
4 years, 1 month ago

No vote yet
10 votes

Comments

Sort by:

Top Newest

Not exactly "undefined"; a more fitting term would be "indeterminate", because any number \(x\) multiplied by zero is zero. Francis Gerard Magtibay · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

How to make crazy work: Say \(x\) is a number arbitrarily close to \(10\) but not exactly \(10\). We need to find \(\lim_{x\to 10} \frac{x^2-100}{x-10}=\lim_{x\to 10} x+10=20\) Abhishek De · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Abhishek De The main problem with this is that your expression is 'completely arbitrary'. For example, I could say that

\[ \lim_{x \rightarrow 10} \frac { \frac {1}{2} x^2 + 5x - 100}{ x-10} = \lim_{x \rightarrow 10} \frac {1}{2} x + 10 = 15.\]

Adapting this idea, you could arrive at any numerical answer you want. Hence, limits would be unable to resolve this issue, as it is highly dependent on the path that you arrive at the limit.

Note: A similar problem is to define \(0^0\) though limits. "Most of the time" we get 1, though if you take \( \lim_{x \rightarrow 0} 0^x\), you will get 0. Calvin Lin Staff · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

as from what i learned the real and specific term for 0/0 is INDETERMINATE not undefined Arlo Andallo · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

UNDEFINED Shourya Pandey · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Shourya Pandey i wish mathematics had something better to offer :/ Harshit Kapur · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

Comment deleted Feb 18, 2013

Log in to reply

@Sridhar Thiagarajan Don't u know when we write (x^2-y^2)/(x-y)=(x+y) ,it is given or we assume that, x is not equal to y...or (x-y)is not equal to zero....and only then we divide both the numerator and denominator by (x-y)...and we get =(x+y) as result,..here we are seeing clearly (10-10)=0 so we cannot proceed with such a operation...and the result we would get be absolute wrong Sayan Chowdhury · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Sayan Chowdhury there is nothing wrong with the solution. study about "limits" bro, it helps sometimes. Kevin Lloyd Esguerra · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Kevin Lloyd Esguerra but u see there is no "limit' given as x-->10 while i can perform it as a limit problem ,... isn't it..?? Sayan Chaudhuri · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

why is sayan C spamming :\ Soham Chanda · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

answer is 20! may sound crazy. But as I go thru discussions, the fact x + y could be the answer is presented.

whenever you encounter 'zero upon zero' situation, it is of course 'indeterminate' - but it also means that is not the end. There is a real answer different from 'indeterminate'. You may arrive at it by suitable algebraic simplification / trigonometry simplification etc.

There are even a few theorems to work out the real answers Raghunathan N. · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Raghunathan N. The question is not (x^2-100)/(x-10) with x tending to zero. We can interpret (100-100)/(10-10) in different ways and get different answers as Calvin said. So the answer does not necessarily have to be 20. For eg. the question can be interpreted as lim x->10 [(x^3-9x^2-100)/(x-10)] which gives the answer as 120. So I think answer is undefined. Ashwin Venkatraman · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Raghunathan N. would u please state your ' a few theorem'...i do not know it... Sayan Chaudhuri · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Sayan Chaudhuri remember ....it is the problem only (100-100)/(10-10)=?...& not anything should be thought or taken into account.... Sayan Chaudhuri · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

many possible answers are there.....like 10,20,undefuned,etc... depending on the person who solve it... Pradeep Ravichandran · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

u can not divide anything by zero. Nishanth Hegde · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Nishanth Hegde Though on the *crazy side* {If that was what u meant by "interesting", \((100-100)/(10-10)\) = \(10(10-10)/(10-10)\) = \(10\) } Nishanth Hegde · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Nishanth Hegde no cancellation rule applies for zero Akbarali Surani · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Akbarali Surani Yes, I know..why isn't anyone noticing *"crazy side"* in my comment?? Nishanth Hegde · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Nishanth Hegde I do. :) Zi Song Yeoh · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Zi Song Yeoh Thanks man! :) Nishanth Hegde · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Nishanth Hegde Don't u know when we write [a(x-y)/(x-y)=a] it is given or we assume that, x is not equal to y...or (x-y)is not equal to zero....and only then we divide both the numerator and denominator by (x-y)...and we get =a as result...here we are seeing clearly (10-10)=0 so we cannot proceed with such a operation...and the result we would get be absolute wrong... Sayan Chowdhury · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Sayan Chowdhury Dude..chill! that was why i told "On the *crazy* side" Nishanth Hegde · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

  1. XD
Daniel James Molina · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

cant be determined Superman Son · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

indeterminate Sri Krishna Priya Dhulipala · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

It is Undetermined or Undefined. Rukkesh Vinoth · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

and UNDEFINED tooo Yatharth Pandey · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

(100-100)/(10-10) is nothing but indeterminate form ....which cannot be solved...we may solve it using limits Harshit Khandelwal · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

0/0 Veeramanoharan Rajamannar · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

UNDEFINED Ayush Maheshwari · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

Undefined. The division of 0 is not allowed in Maths since you can get a variety of answers. Since anything mutiplied by 0 is 0, 0 divided by 0 is everything. Like wise, nothing multiplied by 0 is not 0, hence any other number divided by 0 is just not possible Hongyi Shen · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

Hey you can't divide by zero ..... there are plethora of mathematical contradictions and absurdities based on division by zero ....... If you divide by zero serious flaws creep into your logic leading to absolute fallacies Jaydutt Kulkarni · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

it can be (10^{2}-10^{2})/(10-10) =(10+10)(10-10)/(10-10) =20 Manish Agarwal · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Manish Agarwal how can you cancel zero by zero????? Namra Aziz · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Namra Aziz i agree with that point Sayan Chaudhuri · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Manish Agarwal We can only cancel the term taking the supposition that it is not zero. So, if you want to cancel a term you will have to assume that it is not zero. So, in this case you cannot cancel the term my friend. so, your answer is totally wrong. Brilliant Kumar · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Manish Agarwal It can be 20 :

many possible answers are there.....like 10,20,undefined,etc... depending on the person who solve it...

https://brilliant.org/discussions/thread/an-interesting-question/#comment-a3f52161e92 Zi Song Yeoh · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

@Manish Agarwal Don't u know when we write (x^2-y^2)/(x-y)=(x+y) ,it is given or we assume that, x is not equal to y...or (x-y)is not equal to zero....and only then we divide both the numerator and denominator by (x-y)...and we get =(x+y) as result,..here we are seeing clearly (10-10)=0 so we cannot proceed with such a operation...and the result we would get be absolute wrong Sayan Chowdhury · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

hi it's not possible, you cannot divide any real by 0, so dividing 0 by it's self is one of the craziest thing I saw, since a/0 might me greater than infinit, because that infinit times 0 is still 0, but I cannot guess what might be 0/0, since it could be \(0^{23-5}=0\) , \(0^{1-23}=1/0\) or even \(0^{0}\) or 0^ any number ,we can accept the strictly positive ones, but not the the others , so this is particularly weird I think

but I guess you know all this stuff already ^^ Anas Elidrissi · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

use limit bro Ahmad Widardi · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

0 Yatharth Pandey · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

10(10-10)/(10-10) = 10 Kim Joshua Desposado · 4 years, 1 month ago

Log in to reply

×

Problem Loading...

Note Loading...

Set Loading...