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# Born genius or hard workers?

I want to know that most of the people who are extraordinary in any field are because of a gifted IQ or a lot of hard and smart work?

Note by Sana Irfan
4 years, 2 months ago

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There are some recent books devoted to this issue, including Talent Is Overrated, The Talent Code, and Outliers: The Story of Success.

According to Talent Is Overrated, the keys to world class performance are: 1) start as early in life as possible, 2) have a good, dedicated coach, and 3) put in ~10,000 hours of "deliberate practice," which is a kind of practice where you repeatedly identify and work on your weaknesses in the field. IQ is said to be more of a gateway than a guarantee of success. That is, a certain base level of IQ is probably required to function as, say, an astrophysicist. Once you have sufficient IQ to function within a field, however, more IQ gives very sharply diminishing returns, and success is much more a function of the other three things mentioned.

I don't know how much I buy it, personally. Physically, some folks have gifts that others of us do not. Most folks, for instance, will require years of training before they can deadlift 500 pounds. A few gifted people, however, can deadlift that the first time they ever try. I don't see why the same thing wouldn't be true of mental abilities. That said, even the gifted must practice a lot to be world class.

- 4 years, 2 months ago

Thanks for such a well explained answer, it sure gave a few points to ponder.

- 4 years, 2 months ago

I think what most likely happens is that a child has a certain inclination to one field, and then investigates that field. Then he or she will become smarter in that field because he or she has started at an earlier age. For example, people on brilliant have probably been doing math a lot longer than normal people. But I bet you that these Brilliant people haven't excelled with their writing courses like others have.

- 4 years, 2 months ago

Err, some users here are better at physics than math. (I suppose) And some people are really smart at almost all fields.

But whether they are gifted or not, everyone have to work hard to become what they want to be.

- 4 years, 2 months ago