# Can someone tell me why this happens?

I observed this awkward repetition while making a strategy for the game "odd-eve". Can someone tell me why this happens?

Let $${ a }_{ 1 }$$ be the sum of digits of $$x$$ in base 10.

Let $${ a }_{ n}$$ be the sum of digits of $${ a }_{ n-1}$$ in base 10, for integers $$n>1$$.

Let $$g\left( x \right) =\lim _{ n\rightarrow \infty }{ { a }_{ n } }$$

I observed that:-

$g\left( 2 \right) =2$ $g\left( 4 \right) =4$ $g\left( 8 \right) =8$ $g\left( 16\right) =7$ $g\left( 32 \right) =5$ $g\left( 64 \right) =1$

then

$g\left( 128 \right) =2$ $g\left( 256\right) =4$ $g\left( 512 \right) =8$ $g\left( 1024 \right) =7$ $g\left( 2048 \right) =5$ $g\left( 4096 \right) =1$

and this pattern is repeating again and again.

$g\left( 8192 \right) =2$ $g\left( 16384 \right) =4$

and so on.........

So, The pattern for powers of 2 is $$2,4,8,7,5,1,2,4,8,7,5,1$$

and

The pattern for powers of 3 is $$3,9,9,9,9,9,9,9,9,9,9,9$$

The pattern for powers of 4 is $$4,7,1,4,7,1,4,7,1,4,7,1$$

The pattern for powers of 5 is $$5,7,8,4,2,1,5,7,8,4,2,..$$

Why does it work?

Does it work for powers of all integers?

Does it work in all bases?

Note by Archit Boobna
3 years, 3 months ago

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Hint: $$\bmod 9$$, divisibility rule.

- 3 years, 3 months ago

One line. That beautiful number $$9$$! +1

- 3 years, 3 months ago

Thanks so much!

I got it. The sum of digits mod 9 is same as the number mod 9.

And 2^n mod 9 is repeating every few terms.

- 3 years, 3 months ago