What are some of the great computer science resources for someone who is fairly experienced with programming?

I have been programming for over a year and I've also read quite a lot of articles about it too. However it is getting really hard to dig one out for a long time. All I see whenever I search for resources is meant for absolute beginners.

I want resources covering certain topic in depth like

- Programming paradigms
- Dynamic programming
- Theory of computation and computational science
- Algorithm and data structures
- Performance analysis and optimization
- Basics of AI

**and many more!**

But there are limited resources available which actually cover all the topics in depth (I want very rigorous resources equivalent to actual university semester).

Please provide me some good resources which cover the topics. It can be any type of resource including websites and books.

## Comments

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TopNewestAlgorithm Design and General:Focus on rigour)Slightly informal)Focus on Pragmatic Examples)Focus on competitive programming)Known for being hard)Metaheuristic Algorithms)Theoretical Computer Science:Informal)Artificial Intelligence:Lower Level Understanding of Programming:Information Theory and Cryptography:Discrete Optimization:Focus on Theory)Focus on Problem Solving)Functional Programming:Informal)List of Miscellaneous Free Programming Books:vhf/free-programming-books – Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 10 months, 1 week agoLog in to reply

Practical Common Lisp - LISP is a perfect langugage (MIT use one of them (Scheme) as start language) for learn meta-programming

"Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics" James A. Anderson - Fundamental book about Discrete Mathematics. Starts from logic & proofs and finishs with Theory of Information and Number Theory.

Mathematics for Computer Science - free book from MIT (you can easly google and download it) as a perfect guide for Mathematics that required in Computer Science. Also "Concrete Mathematics" is also very-very good.

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– Pranjal Jain · 10 months, 1 week ago

Anything for meta-programming?Log in to reply

– Arulx Z · 10 months, 1 week ago

Seems like I finally have to learn ((((((((((((((((((((LISP)))))))))))))))))))) [if you know what I'm saying].Log in to reply

– Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 10 months, 1 week ago

Lots of Infuriating and Silly ParanthesesLog in to reply

– Arulx Z · 10 months, 1 week ago

Haha that makes sense. LISP.Log in to reply

– Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 10 months, 1 week ago

Why would you learn LISP?Log in to reply

– Arulx Z · 10 months, 1 week ago

For meta-programming. I really love the concept of meta-programming and I want to integrate it into AI.Log in to reply

– Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 10 months, 1 week ago

I am not sure why Lisp is necessy, although I have heard that it is. Haskell is another beautiful language with cleaner syntax.Log in to reply

– Arulx Z · 10 months, 1 week ago

Thanks for the suggestion I'll surely check out Haskell.Log in to reply

– Qin P · 10 months, 1 week ago

You can gain more from lisp than haskell. I promise you. But you should learn both.Log in to reply

– Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 10 months, 1 week ago

May I ask why?Log in to reply

The deeper you understand abstraction and combination, the deeper you understanding programming. Functional programming is very helpful in developing you intuition on abstraction and combination. Haskell and lisp are both functional programming language, but haskell is more pure functional than lisp. More importantly, you have to think about TYPE in haskell, which is very helpful for a deeper understanding about writing well combination program.

I point out the advantanges of haskell to support my statement "you can gain more from lisp than haskell. I promise you", which may be strange. But this is my way to recommend. I said A is better than B not because I know a lot of advantages about A, but because I know both the advantages of A and B and on your situation I prefer A than B.

You should learn both. If you have to pick one, pick lisp.

Books to start (Lisp) :

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Actually, I have some knowledge of haskell and I did like the concept of type and pure functionalism. May be LISP is better in this case, I do not know. – Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 10 months, 1 week ago

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'Code is Data' also provide a syntax level abstraction. You could search 'lisp macro' for more information. – Qin P · 10 months, 1 week ago

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– Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 10 months, 1 week ago

I guess that will be valuable. Thanks!Log in to reply

– Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 10 months, 1 week ago

I had to look that term up. I have no idea about this one.Log in to reply

– Arulx Z · 10 months, 1 week ago

Me too. But meta-programming seems really interesting. It might actually be great if such things are implemented in AI programs/bots.Log in to reply

By the way, why no SICP in the list ? – Prasun Biswas · 10 months, 1 week ago

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Actually, I came to know about that book only half an hour ago (what a coincidence!). I added it and a several others. – Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 10 months, 1 week ago

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– Arulx Z · 5 months, 2 weeks ago

This thread has a lot of valuable information. Agnishom, if you don't mind, can I/you create a wiki with this info so that this is available to a wider audience?Log in to reply

– Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 5 months, 2 weeks ago

Yes, that is a pretty good ideaLog in to reply

here. Contact me on Slack for collaborating. – Arulx Z · 5 months, 2 weeks ago

I have started a wikiLog in to reply

– Aditya Kumar · 10 months, 1 week ago

Do u know programming on java(specifically netbeans)?Log in to reply

– Arulx Z · 10 months, 1 week ago

NetBeans is a IDE right? How does that matter?Log in to reply

– Arulx Z · 10 months, 1 week ago

Thanks for your reply!Log in to reply

@Arulx Z – Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 10 months, 1 week ago

Please check this outLog in to reply

– Arulx Z · 10 months, 1 week ago

Whoa! Thanks for such a nice and comprehensive list! I'm sure it will help me (and other) a lot!Log in to reply

Sounds like you're looking for a masters degree in cs.. try looking up university courses which post lecture material online.. then have yourself a blast (: – Arjun Achatz · 10 months ago

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Hey @Agnishom Chattopadhyay @Arulx Z

How can I improve my algorithm writing skill?Any suggestion?Any good website or book?

In short, how can I become a good programmer?

Thanks!

PS I am a mere beginner. – Harsh Shrivastava · 6 months ago

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– Arulx Z · 6 months ago

Agnishom is a better programmer and he can definitely help you more but the key to improving is practicing, experimenting and figuring out algorithms on your own. That's how experts are made. Apart from Brilliant, also check out websites like CodeChef, HackerRank, HackerEarth, SPOJ, Project Euler etc.Log in to reply

yess!!

– Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 6 months agoLog in to reply

I did not have a lot of things to do when I was a child. I had books and a computer. I was not a very social person and did not go out to play with my neighbours because I was not very good friends with them. My dad was a scientist who used to do numerical simulations on computers. Hence, I was attracted to computers because of this attraction to the great mystery of numerical simulations. Although, I had not been good with algorithms for that long, but I have been coding since 7 or 8.

I understand that there is a lot of pressure for the average Indian teenager. This is quite frustrating to me too. I am going to college this fall.

You'll find a lot of resources in one of the highest voted comments in this thread including algorithm resources. Can you find it?

The best way to improve your algorithmic skills is to solve algorithmic problems in the Brilliant Computer Science sections, Project Euler, CodeChef, USACO training pages, sphere online Judge, codeforce, and many more. Sometimes having a nice programming project of your own also helps. Common examples include your own games, your own webapp or a website or things like that. I did that a lot too.

Of course, I still have a long way to go and improve. – Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 6 months ago

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BTW can knowing more programming languages help me ? – Harsh Shrivastava · 6 months ago

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Sometimes the answer is yes though. You gain something by learning a language which makes you think differently. For example, a procedural programmer could learn something new by learning a functional language. – Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 6 months ago

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Thanks! – Harsh Shrivastava · 6 months ago

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– Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 5 months, 2 weeks ago

Have fun!Log in to reply

Can u guys help me learning java?.I searched so many tutorials bt I didnt get me helped following those.so pls do help. – Md Sohail · 10 months, 1 week ago

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I suggest CodeCademy for an interactive tutorial. – Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 10 months, 1 week ago

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– Arulx Z · 10 months, 1 week ago

Check out courses on MITOCW/edX too. I'm not sure if they teach java (they most probably have Python). However, the code writing skills matter not the language. Hence it would be a valuable experience.Log in to reply

Have you tried Codecademy ? – Vansh Mehta · 10 months, 1 week ago

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– Arulx Z · 10 months, 1 week ago

Thanks for your suggestion. However I did try Codecademy. However, it just provides resources to learn a language and provides no support on how write elegant and efficient code.Log in to reply

@Agnishom Chattopadhyay @Arulx Z Sorry for going off topic, but I too am learning Programming (in C++) for the first time. I've studied up to Arrays and would love to go beyond on my own; my school doesn't really teach a lot in depth. I'm particularly interested in learning Dynamic Programming. Any help offered would be greatly appreciated. Thanks in advance! – Ishan Dasgupta Samarendra · 10 months, 1 week ago

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problem solving - dynamic programming ? – Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 8 months ago

How aboutLog in to reply

– Beakal Tiliksew · 8 months ago

Yeah, ofcourse that too :)Log in to reply

Dynamic Programming and Optimal Controlby Dimitri P. Bertsekas is a nice book about dynamic programming (suggested by Abhishek Sinha in this thread). I recommend reading it and be sure to keep on practicing to improve.Don't worry if you are being off topic. In fact, it would be nice if anyone in need of clarification / resource request (which is related CS) asks their questions here. – Arulx Z · 10 months, 1 week ago

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@Ishan Dasgupta Samarendra , i would recommend using the usual CLRS book. – Beakal Tiliksew · 8 months ago

Ahh, don't you think it is too advanced to begin on DP.Log in to reply

What kind of performance analysis? Is this about hardware? – Agnishom Chattopadhyay · 10 months, 1 week ago

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– Arulx Z · 10 months, 1 week ago

I mean code optimization (like reducing complexity and memory usage etc.) by performance analysis so it's about the software rather than hardware. I'm sorry for ambiguity.Log in to reply