Last night, I was exploring the Internet, when I stumbled across a very cool diagram. It look like this:

With this graph, you can see what numbers are divisible by 7. Lets take the number 1234567. You would first start at the white node at the bottom. First move 1 black arrow, then 1 white arrow, then 2 black arrows, then 1 white arrow, then 3 black arrows, the 1 white arrows, and so on and so forth. For each digit number of black arrows you move, you move 1 white arrow. If you end up at the start, then it is divisible by 7. However number of black arrows away from the start you are is the remainder. Can someone prove this?

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TopNewestI think i have figured out the proof.

So, starting from the starting point mark the junctions as \(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6\). Note that every junction represents the number \([mod 7] \).

Now choose any number and start the procedure. Let your first digit is \(a\). Follow the black arrow \(a\) times. You will currently be at a juction that represents \(a [mod 7]\).

Now, if you have one more digit then you are asked to move in the direction of the correspondong white arrow.

These white arrows are so arranged that the corresponding white arrow takes you to the place \(a \times 10 [mod 7]\) (You can check it for all \(7\) cases.).

It means now you are at \(\overline{a0} [mod 7]\).

Now, if your next digit is \(b\), you will , after moving \(b\) black arrows will reach at \(\overline{ab} mod[7]\) position.

This will continue and at any step you will be at the position that represents your current number \([mod 7]\).

By this, the working of this diagram is explained and using the same method I have made diagrams for divisibilty tests of \(6, 8\) & \(11\). – Dhruv Bhasin · 1 year, 11 months ago

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84: 8 + \(4 \times 5\) = 28 = \(4 \times 7\)

161: 16 + \(1 \times 5\) = 21 = \(7 \times 3\)

And this does not only apply to multiples of 7. Take multiples of 13, for example. When the last digit is multiplied by 4, the sum of that and the remaining number will also be a multiple of 13. For example:

26: 2 + \(6 \times 4\) = 26 (this kind of becomes a loop, but you get the point.

I have documented how this works for many numbers… (From what I have seen, it only occurs with some numbers)

3: Multiply last digit by

1(3 * 3 =10 − 1)7: Multiply last digit by

5(7 * 7 =50 − 19: Multiply last digit by

1(9 * 1 =10 − 1)11: Multiply last digit by

10(11 * 9 =100 − 1)13: Multiply last digit by

4(13 * 3 =40 − 1)17: Multiply last digit by

12(17 * 7 =120 − 1)19: Multiply last digit by

2(19 * 1 =20 − 1)The notes in parentheses are observations I have made. But can someone explain why? – Ashwin Padaki · 1 year, 11 months ago

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Let the given number be \(n=\overline {a_p a_{p-1} ..........a_0}\). This number is also given to be a multiple of \(7\).As the 'trick' involves only the last digit and the remaining number, let's reduce this whole number to \(\overline {ab}\) where \(b=a_0\) and \(a= \overline{a_p a_{p-1}.........a_1} (mod 7)\).

The algorithm is multipying \(b\) by \(5\) and adding it to \(a\).

So, we will be left with the number

\(m= a+ 5\cdot b\) and we are required to prove that \(m=0 (mod 7)\)

Now note that

\(10\cdot m (mod7) = 10\cdot a+ 50\cdot b (mod7)\)

\( =10\cdot a+ b (mod 7)\) [because, \(50=1 (mod 7)\)]

\( = \overline {ab} (mod7)=0(mod 7)\)

\(\Rightarrow 10\cdot m=0 (mod 7)\)

\(\Rightarrow m=0 (mod 7) \).

Hence proved.

On similar lines, you can also prove it for other numbers. – Dhruv Bhasin · 1 year, 11 months ago

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882is divisible by7, or if912is divisible by19, I can say yes in an instant!!! – Ashwin Padaki · 1 year, 11 months agoLog in to reply

this – Dhruv Bhasin · 1 year, 11 months ago

TryLog in to reply

– Andrew The · 1 year, 11 months ago

Awesome! Upvoted!Log in to reply

Can any of you guys create a diagram like this for testing multiples of 13 or 17 or 19 or any prime numbers greater than 5? It would be really cool! – Jonathan Hsu · 1 year, 11 months ago

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Here's one for 13. (I have used single arrow in place of black and double in place of white) – Dhruv Bhasin · 1 year, 11 months ago

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– Jonathan Hsu · 1 year, 11 months ago

And question: How do you come up with these pictures? Is there some sort of trick to it?Log in to reply

– Dhruv Bhasin · 1 year, 11 months ago

There's no 'trick' to it, its just a application of 'remainders' or 'modulo arithmetic' and I have explained it all in a comment above namely "I think I have figured out the proof.........". Understand from there how the diagram of \(7\) is working and you will be able to make similar diagrams for any number. If you have any doubt in the explaination, do ask.Log in to reply

– Jonathan Hsu · 1 year, 11 months ago

ok thanks!Log in to reply

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## Hi , if you want to create this effect , try using 6

– Azhaghu Roopesh M · 1 year, 11 months ago`#`

's right at the start of the text that you are about to type .Log in to reply

– Andrew The · 1 year, 11 months ago

Thanks!Log in to reply

– Azhaghu Roopesh M · 1 year, 11 months ago

Can you give me the link to it ? I might be able to help you outLog in to reply

this problem. – Dhruv Bhasin · 1 year, 11 months ago

I think he meantLog in to reply

Wow! It's a great thing you even figured the whole trick . If I would have seen it somewhere on the net , I'd have thought it was something related to Physics and would have closed the tab :P – Azhaghu Roopesh M · 1 year, 11 months ago

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Where did you learn about this? It is very neat – Andrew The · 1 year, 11 months ago

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