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# Exploring the Divisor Function

This note is part of the set Exploring the Divisor Function.

In this set, we aim to get a general form for this sum:

$\sum _{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{d\left(kn\right)}{n^2}$

Where $$k$$ is a positive integer.

So, instead of giving out everything on a note, why not split it up into several problems so that everybody can try it out by themselves?

I will give a clue here, and then you can go ahead to solve the first problem of this set, slowly progressing to the last problem, where you will finally be able to find a general form of the sum. You may skip steps, because your approach might be better than mine. If you do have a better approach, do post it!

Here's the first clue:

If $$f(n)$$ is completely multiplicative, that is $$f(ab)=f(a)f(b)$$, then

$f*f(n)=d(n)f(n)$

$\left[\sum _{n=1}^{ \infty}\frac{f\left(n\right)}{n^s}\right]^2=\sum _{n=1}^{\infty }\frac{f\left(n\right)d\left(n\right)}{n^s}$

Where $$*$$ is the Dirichlet Convolution

and $$d(n)$$ counts the number of divisors n.

I would post the solutions for the problems soon.

Note by Julian Poon
11 months, 1 week ago

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I cannot work it out for 4 as $$k$$ Can you help? · 10 months, 1 week ago

Oh yeah, thanks for commenting here. I forgot to add the solutions...

If you want to consider k=4, generalise it to $$k=p^a$$, where p is prime. I'll post a solution to part 3 of the set by tomorrow, where you can use it for $$k=4$$.

You can use part 1 of this set as a clue to part 3, but you'll have to be more creative. · 10 months, 1 week ago

thanks! · 10 months, 1 week ago

I have posted a solution to part 3. · 10 months, 1 week ago