Function Terminology

A function is a relation between a set of inputs (called the domain), and a permissible set of outputs (called the codomain), such that each input is is related to exactly one output. We often denote a function on 1 variable by f f. When x x is an element of the domain, we say that the output has the value f(x) f(x).

We can certainly add irrelevant items to the codomain, like {alligator}, {purple} and {Brilliant}. As such, we define the range of a function (also called the image) to be the set of all attained outputs. Note that by definition, the range of a function has to be a subset of the codomain.

Here are a few more terms that it is helpful to know:

  • Injective: An injective function is one that maps every value in the domain to a unique value in the codomain, such that for any given value in the range there is only one corresponding value in the domain. Injective functions are also called "one-to-one" functions.
  • Surjective A surjective function is one that covers every element in the co-domain, such that there are no elements in the co-domain that are not a value of the function. In a surjective function the range and the codomain will be identical.
  • Bijective A bijective function is both injective and surjective.

Note by Arron Kau
5 years, 2 months ago

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