Consider the situation as shown in the figure. When the point mass (1 kg) is released, it will start accelerating downwards due to gravity and by the time it moves through 30 m it will rebound upwards due to the string. Find the maximum height it reaches. Consider ideal conditions.

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TopNewestEDITEDThe horizontal distance was 30cm

Now let us consider the system ,, Let us make the following observations--

1) Initially there was no tension in string as it wasnt taut

2) So the mass falls vertically freely under gravity till it becomes taut.

3) And since the mass was not at the same position as that of hinge initially,, surely it would not become taut 3m below the hinge point

4) When it becomes taut,, the ball's component of velocity paralell to the string becomes 0 , and the other component that is perpendicular to it remains (can be established through angular momentum conservation) (or qualitatively)

5) So the remaining energy of ball will bring it up again and from there we can decide the maximim height it reaches

So heres what i think is gonna happen, Please Check if i am correct

When the ball falls vertically till string becomes Taut, Applying energy conservation-- (note the \(\theta \) is the angle between string and vertical when it becomes taut)

\(mglcos\theta \quad =\quad \frac { m{ v }^{ 2 } }{ 2 }\)

Now it falls vertically till then, so its velocity will be downward,, so its component perpendicular to string is

\(v\quad sin\theta \\ \\ \quad \)

which is

\(\sqrt { 2glcos\theta } sin\theta\)

Now with this velocity it continues further motion as a circle about the hinge point,, thus again applying energy conservation

we get

\(mglcos\theta \quad (sin\theta )^{ 2 }\quad =\quad mgh\quad \\ h=lcos\theta \quad (sin\theta )^{ 2 }\)

Now as the lateral distance is 30 cm ,, so the angle \(\theta \) is approx 37 degrees,, (thats irrelevant,, let it be arc sin (0.6) ) either way it means the answer is 72/5 cm,,

@Ronak Agarwal am i correct, if answer does not matter, just tell if there is anything wrong with the method,, thankyou

NOTE- I assumed that as string is inextensible,, the whole component of velocity paralell to it is cancelled (that is no rebounce occurs, or string does not behave as a spring even for a second) – Mvs Saketh · 2 years, 2 months agoLog in to reply

\[{ h }_{ ground }\quad =\quad 50\quad -\quad 30{ (\cfrac { \sqrt { { 30 }^{ 2 }-{ d }^{ 2 } } }{ 30 } ) }^{ 3 }\].

where

d= initial distance of the Point mass from the point of suspension.And I think 'd' should be mentioned in this question.

here is diagram of this question: ( it is rough figure don't take it seriously :P )

Diagram

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– Ronak Agarwal · 2 years, 2 months ago

I got the same answer.Log in to reply

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– Mvs Saketh · 2 years, 2 months ago

yes, but now the question has changed,, see ronak aggarwals comment regarding actual dataLog in to reply

– Shantanu Lautre · 2 years, 2 months ago

see if we consider just vertical motion then when the string becomes taut it'll provide impulse to the particle in opposite direction to its motion (i.e., upward direction) , then what do you think the value of the impulse will be.??Log in to reply

– Mvs Saketh · 2 years, 2 months ago

No please observe my answer carefully,, impulse is not provided in vertical direction but along the string,, (tension acts along the string ) so the component of velocity paralell to string gets cancelled completely or the impulse provided is the momentum of the particle along the string which is mvcos(x) ,,, see my solution carefully ,Log in to reply

– Shantanu Lautre · 2 years, 2 months ago

Gotcha.......Thank you a million.!Log in to reply

@Mvs Saketh this is the correct method needed to solve the question.

Your method is absolutely correctBut can you solve for the velocity at the lowest point of the trajectory. – Ronak Agarwal · 2 years, 2 months ago

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– Mvs Saketh · 2 years, 2 months ago

Yes i will use conservation of energy again after the "Taut" instant because the tension in string only acts perpendicular to the direction of motion after it has become taut and thus does no work,, so i will use change in mgh= gain in KE and find outLog in to reply

Actually the horizontal distance is 30 cm and the length of the string is 50 cm . It is given wrong in the diagram. Now can please you please post your solution again then it can be checked whether it is correct or not.Refer to the values given by me. I know this question as I have said I have seen it in fiitjee grandmasters package. – Ronak Agarwal · 2 years, 2 months ago

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– Mvs Saketh · 2 years, 2 months ago

I have edited it accordingly, check nowLog in to reply

– Ronak Agarwal · 2 years, 2 months ago

Also the question was asking the speed of the ball at the lowest point.Log in to reply

– Shantanu Lautre · 2 years, 2 months ago

I got that too......Log in to reply

This question I saw in grand masters package of fiitjee. – Ronak Agarwal · 2 years, 2 months ago

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