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If tan(xy) = xy, show that y' = -y/x.

If \(\tan(xy) = xy\), show that \(y' = -y/x\).

These are my steps : \(xy'+y = \sec^2(xy) \times (xy'+y)\)) which implies \(\sec^2(xy)=1\) [ \((xy'+y)\) cancels out on both sides.]

And then I don't know how to proceed. Help!

Note by Tanvi Bhakta
2 years, 4 months ago

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You did it correctly. You just made the mistake of cancelling out the \( xy' + y \) term . Remember you can't cancel out terms unless you're sure they're not zero.

So you've got \( xy' + y = \sec^2(xy) \times (xy' + y) \)

\( (xy' + y)(\sec^2(xy) - 1) = 0 \)

So this implies \( (\sec^2(xy) - 1) = 0 \) or \( (xy' + y) = 0 \)

Case 1 - \(\sec^2(xy) = 1 \) implies \( \tan(xy)=xy = 0 \). This implies \( x = 0 \) or \( y =0 \).

If \( x = 0 \), then you can't prove it.

If \( y = 0 \), then \( y' = 0 = \dfrac{-y}{x} \).

Case 2 -\( (xy' + y) = 0 \implies xy' = - y \implies y' = \dfrac{-y}{x} \) which is what you wanted to prove. Siddhartha Srivastava · 2 years, 4 months ago

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