Recently I solved an question of @Jatin Yadav Force of interection Click here

In this question I calculate Force of interaction by First Calculating Electric field due to long wire and then calculate force between them ( Which is Well explained in Jatin's Solution ). I had also solved that in this way First.

**Doubt**

In That Question If we consider Electric field due disc element in hemisphere and then Find The Force of interaction then How We can calculate This ?

**My WORK**

Consider an disc element on Hemisphere and small line element on wire as shown in figure . Sorry For poor Diagram But please Feel it Now I use standard result of electric field due to an uniformly charged disc that is

\(\displaystyle{{ E }_{ at\quad x }\quad =\quad \cfrac { \sigma }{ 2\epsilon } (1\quad -\quad \cfrac { x }{ \sqrt { { x }^{ 2 }+{ R }^{ 2 } } } )}\).

\(\displaystyle{{ F }_{ 1,due\quad to\quad 2 }\quad =\quad \int { { dE }_{ 2 }{ dq }_{ 1 } } \quad \quad (\quad along\quad y-axis\quad )\\ \quad \quad \quad \\ \because \quad { dq }_{ 1 }\quad =\quad \lambda dy\\ \\ \because \quad \sigma =\quad \rho R\cos { \theta d\theta } \quad \quad \\ \\ \therefore \quad { dE }_{ 2 }\quad =\quad \cfrac { \quad \rho R\cos { \theta d\theta } }{ 2\epsilon } (1\quad -\quad \cfrac { y+R\sin { \theta } }{ \sqrt { { (y+R\sin { \theta } ) }^{ 2 }+{ (R\cos { \theta } ) }^{ 2 } } } )\\ \\ \boxed { { F }_{ 1,due\quad to\quad 2 }\quad =\quad \cfrac { \rho \lambda R }{ 2\epsilon } \int _{ y=0 }^{ y=\infty }{ \int _{ \theta =0 }^{ \theta ={ \pi }/{ 2 } }{ \cos { \theta (1\quad -\quad \cfrac { y+R\sin { \theta } }{ \sqrt { { (y+R\sin { \theta } ) }^{ 2 }+{ (R\cos { \theta } ) }^{ 2 } } } )d\theta } dy } } } }\).

**But From Here I get stuck**

How can I find this integral ..??

Also When I use wolfram alpha then it says this this Integral not converges.!!

So please Tell Me where I'am wrong. ??

Thanks!!

## Comments

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TopNewestThis integral would give the same answer.

Note that \(\displaystyle \int \bigg(1 - \dfrac{y+R \sin \theta}{(y+R \sin \theta)^2 + R^2 \cos^2 \theta}\bigg) {\mathrm dy} = y - \sqrt{(y+R \sin \theta)^2+R^2 \cos^2 \theta}\)

which approaches to \(R \sin \theta\) at \(y = \infty\)

\(\Rightarrow \displaystyle \int_{0}^{\infty} \bigg(1 - \dfrac{y+R \sin \theta}{\sqrt{(y+R \sin \theta)^2 + R^2 \cos^2 \theta}} {\mathrm dy}\bigg) = R(1- \sin \theta)\)

Hence, the integral can be expressed as:

\(\displaystyle \dfrac{\rho \lambda R}{2 \epsilon_{0} } \int_{0}^{\pi/2} R(1- \sin \theta) \cos \theta d \theta = \boxed{\dfrac{\rho \lambda R^2}{4 \epsilon_{0}}}\) – Jatin Yadav · 2 years, 4 months ago

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@jatin yadav

Wow !! Thanks a ton !! for ReplyingI haven't study about the double integration Yet But Now I understand Your Solution . So From your solution I draw The Conclusion That Double integral is nothing but it is calculate by integrating first integral keeping parameters of 2nd Integral Constant and then integrate 2nd Integral ,Is I'am Right ??

Also I would feel good if You will give me some facts about Double Integral (If Possible)

And Isn't There is mistake in typing of latex in starting line of your comment ? – Deepanshu Gupta · 2 years, 4 months ago

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@Deepanshu Gupta – Lalit Pathak · 2 years, 4 months ago

Yes you are right , double integral is done in the same way as you saidLog in to reply

– Deepanshu Gupta · 2 years, 3 months ago

Thanks for replying! LalitLog in to reply