How to Find The minimum possible perimeter of an triangle A'B'C' which is inscribed in an another acute angled Triangle ABC ??
\(SOURCE:\). Ask by a friend.
In my views A'B'C' must be orthic triangle ( i.e Pedal Triangle of ABC ) but I'am stuck at how to calculate minimum perimeter??
Perimeter is Given By :
Perimeter of triangle A'B'C' = R[ Sin(2A) + Sin(2B) + Sin(2C) ]
1)- But \(R=unknown\). & \(Angles=unknown\). So how To convert All of them in single variables ???
2)- I'am also thinking of some reflection with respect to sides Concept (which is suggest by my friend) But not successful in it.
3)- Is it Can be solved Without using Reflection's .
Will someone Help me ????
Thanks in advance..!!
\(Proof\). : Proof of inner triangle To be orthic triangle is: ( I'am not 100% Sure since it is not Pure Mathematical and it need's some concept's of Optics like as Fermat Principle ).
According to Me A'B'C' is orthic triangle because if you placed an light source at A' such that light it emits from A' traces the perimeter of Triangle A'B"C . Then For Tracing minimum perimeter it should Follow the Path of light (According To Fermat's principle) So A'B' must be Incident ray on side BC of bigger Triangle And B'C' Must be reflected ray of light.
Similarly for Side B'C' and for C'A'. Now The If we draw Normal at points A' , B' , C' then They must intersect inside The Triangle A'B'C' . Let their Point of intersection is 'H' then 'H' must be orthocenter of triangle ABC since it is intersection of Altitudes of Triangles
Since normal line HC' divides angle \(\angle A'B'C'\quad \). in two equal parts i.e. \(\angle A'B'H\quad =\quad \angle C'B'H\). which arise from fact that incidence angle = reflected angle ,Hence These Normal line of triangle ABC are the angle bisectors for inner triangle which Always intersect at Orthocenter of outer triangle
So if join these Foot of perpendiculars which are A' & B' & C' then they must form Pedal Triangle of bigger triangle.
\(NOTE\). : Fact that i used in Proof is that :
If the triangle ABC is oblique (not right-angled), the points of intersection of the altitudes with the sides of the triangle form another triangle, A'B'C', called the orthic triangle or altitude triangle. It is the pedal triangle of the orthocenter of the original triangle. Also, the incenter (that is, the center for the inscribed circle) of the orthic triangle is the orthocenter of the original triangle