Tough Gravitation problem

A uniform solid sphere has a Mass M and radius R. From it , a solid sphere of radius R/2 is removed and taken to infinity . Can anyone help to calculate the work done by external agent to achieve this ? ( Can integration over three dimensions be avoidef here ?) ( I am not getting how to solve as the gravitatonal field will be not uniform inside the cavity sphere )

Note by Azimuddin Sheikh
1 month ago

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Integrating numerically, I get very nearly GM28R \frac{G M^2}{8R}.

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import math

N = 500   # simulation resolution

##########################################

# Constants

M = 2.7   # Full sphere mass
R = 1.3   # Full sphere radius
G = 11.1  # Grav constant

V = (4.0/3.0)*math.pi*(R**3.0)  # Full sphere volume

rho = M/V  # density

Rs = R/2.0  # small sphere radius

Vs = (4.0/3.0)*math.pi*(Rs**3.0)  # Small sphere volume
Ms = Vs * rho   # Small sphere mass

U_ref = G*(M**2.0)/(8.0*R)  # Reference value of work done - for comparison

##########################################

# Infinitesimals for integration

dr = R/N
dtheta = 2.0*math.pi/N
dphi = math.pi/N

##########################################

r = 0.0

U = 0.0

count = 0

while r <= R:    # Integrate over interior of large sphere

    theta = 0.0

    while theta <= 2.0*math.pi:

        phi = 0.0

        while phi <= math.pi:

            x = r*math.cos(theta)*math.sin(phi)   # xyz coordinates
            y = r*math.sin(theta)*math.sin(phi)
            z = r*math.cos(phi)

            # (x-Rs)**2.0 + y**2.0 + z**2.0 = Rs**2.0

            if (x-Rs)**2.0 + y**2.0 + z**2.0 > Rs**2.0:  # For points within large sphere....
                                                          # .....and outside small sphere
                Dx = x - Rs        # vector from infinitesimal mass to center of small sphere
                Dy = y - 0.0
                Dz = z - 0.0

                D = math.sqrt(Dx**2.0 + Dy**2.0 + Dz**2.0)  # distance from mass dm to small sphere center

                dV = (r**2.0)*math.sin(phi) * dr * dtheta * dphi  # infinitesimal volume

                dm = rho * dV # infinitesimal mass

                dU = G*Ms*dm/D # infinitesimal potential energy contribution

                U = U + dU  # update total potential energy value

            phi = phi + dphi
            count = count + 1

            if count%10**6 == 0:
                print count/10**6

        theta = theta + dtheta

    r = r + dr

##########################################

print ""
print ""
print U/U_ref

Steven Chase - 2 weeks, 6 days ago

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Very nice , thx a lot Sir

Azimuddin Sheikh - 2 weeks, 6 days ago

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@Steven Chase Sir have a look at this interesting problem .

Azimuddin Sheikh - 1 month ago

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I think I would use a triple integral and a computer to solve this

Steven Chase - 1 month ago

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Sir , can u give some intial steps to proceed this problem ?

Azimuddin Sheikh - 1 month ago

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@Azimuddin Sheikh Do you know what the answer is supposed to be? I would like to check my numerical result, once derived.

Steven Chase - 1 month ago

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@Steven Chase Yeah sure , Sir. Very sry for late reply

Azimuddin Sheikh - 3 weeks, 2 days ago

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@Azimuddin Sheikh What is the expected result?

Steven Chase - 3 weeks, 1 day ago

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@Steven Chase Sir i think it should be close to GM^2/8R

Azimuddin Sheikh - 2 weeks, 6 days ago

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