Non-trivial equivalent resistance.

At school we have been learning the rules for equivalent resistance in series and parallel (which I covered at least two years ago, so I'm bored) and I asked my teacher about the circuit shown, which cannot be decomposed into a collection of series and parallel circuits.

I spent most of a lesson just bashing it with algebra, and in the end I found a three-line fraction for ReqR_{eq} in terms of R1R_{1}, R2R_{2}, R3R_{3}, R4R_{4} and R5R_{5}.

So I was wondering: is there a nice method?

Note by Sophie Crane
4 years, 7 months ago

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I think delta - star method can help .

Keshav Tiwari - 4 years, 7 months ago

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Can you give me an explanation/link to an explanation? Thanks

Sophie Crane - 4 years, 7 months ago

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@Sophie Crane It's trivial using Y-Δ\Delta transformation. Just apply this on any of the ends of R5\text{R}_{5}.

Ishan Singh - 4 years, 6 months ago

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@Ishan Singh Thank you very much. This is an excellent technique and I had never heard of it before. Awesome! :D

Sophie Crane - 4 years, 6 months ago

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If u use loop rule instead of junction rule, the expression would have been simpler. For making it even simpler u can assume the circuit to be connected across a good emf(I mean u can take different emfs if values of the resistances are known)

Aneesh Kundu - 4 years, 7 months ago

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I used both. The emf is an arbitrary value. All resistances are unknown, and are to be treated as algebraic variables. I am trying to find a general expression for the equivalent resistance in terms of these variables.

Sophie Crane - 4 years, 7 months ago

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That would be a very big formula

Aneesh Kundu - 4 years, 7 months ago

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@Aneesh Kundu It is. That's why I posted this.

Sophie Crane - 4 years, 7 months ago

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But u can still assume any value for emf as that wouldn't change the equivalent resistance.

Aneesh Kundu - 4 years, 7 months ago

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Correct me if I'm wrong, but isn't this the outline of a Wheatstone bridge? If R2R4=R1R3\dfrac{R_2}{R_4}=\dfrac{R_1}{R_3}, then the equivalent can be easily calculated since the resistance R5R_5 will be ineffective. Is that condition given, or the variables R1,R2,R3,R4,R5R_1,R_2,R_3,R_4,R_5 can have any positive real value?

Prasun Biswas - 4 years, 6 months ago

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You are correct on every count. The condition is that the resistors can take on any positive real value.

Sophie Crane - 4 years, 6 months ago

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I got a fraction of 8 terms over 4 terms

Mohamed Ashraf Mostafa - 4 years, 6 months ago

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Did you use delta-wye or something else?

Sophie Crane - 4 years, 6 months ago

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