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Not to do with taxicab numbers

Prove that a number $$10^{3n+1}$$, where $$n$$ is a positive integer, cannot be represented as the sum of two cubes of positive integers.

Note by Sharky Kesa
1 year, 6 months ago

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By Fermat's Little Theorem either $$a\equiv 0\pmod{7}$$ or

$$a^6\equiv 1\pmod{7}\iff 7\mid \left(a^3+1\right)\left(a^3-1\right)$$. By Euclid's Lemma:

$$\iff \left(7\mid a^3+1 \text{ or } 7\mid a^3-1\right)\iff a^3\equiv \pm 1\pmod{7}$$.

$$10^{3n+1}\equiv \left(10^3\right)^n\cdot 10\equiv (-1)^n\cdot (-3)\equiv \pm 3\pmod{7}$$

$$a^3+b^3\equiv \{-2,-1,0,1,2\}\pmod{7}$$. Therefore $$10^{3n+1}\neq a^3+b^3$$. · 1 year, 6 months ago

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