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Prove that 2 + 2 = 4

Haha, I came across something quite funny on Math Stackexchange just now. :) Someone was asking for a proof that \(2+2 =4\). Well, it's kind of intuitive because we see it in our every day life.

But let's go down deeper and explore this statement more rigourously. In other words, how do we really know for sure that that statement is true?!

Let me post that question to you now. Try it before you look at the link below. :)

Here's the link. :)

Enjoy!

Note by Happy Melodies
2 years, 7 months ago

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It's shocking that \(2+2=4\) can be proven in only 2 pages, when it took 300 pages in Principia Mathematica by Russell and Whitehead to prove that \(1+1=2\). Michael Mendrin · 2 years, 7 months ago

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@Michael Mendrin 300 pages!! I wonder what they wrote so much to prove that 1+1=2 Anuj Shikarkhane · 2 years, 7 months ago

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@Michael Mendrin Wow! 300 pages??? Another link here to prove using only field axioms (using 0s) to prove that \(-1 \times -1 = 1\). :D INTERESTING! :) (Refer to the first answer provided).

To Prove \(-1 \times -1 = 1\) Happy Melodies · 2 years, 7 months ago

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@Michael Mendrin @Michael Mendrin I don't understand why it would need \(300\) pages to proof that \(1 + 1 =2\). By definition of multiplication \(1 + 1 = 1 \times 2\) and since \(1\) is the identity element for multiplication over all numbers (excluding zero) \(1 + 1 = 1 \times 2 = 2 \times 1 = 2\). Can you explain to me why my proof is less "Rigorous"? Notice that I only used the definition of multiplication and identity element since both of them was used in "Rigorous" proof of \(2 + 2 = 4\). Siam Habib · 2 years, 7 months ago

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@Siam Habib Well the whole point of the proof is how do you prove the definition of multiplication, not just we know by the definition of multiplication that this multiplied by this is this.I think that is why you would need a 300 page proof right? @Michael Mendrin and @Siam Habib Mardokay Mosazghi · 2 years, 7 months ago

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@Mardokay Mosazghi Yes, right. Russell and Whitehead were trying to put all of mathematics on a "rigorous logical foundation" with their Herculean Principia Mathematica effort, but the problem is much like what happens when you answer a child's question of "why?", he immediately asks the next "why?" in an infinite regression. Kurt Godel, after reading the efforts of Russell and Whitehead, finally came out with his [first of his incompleteness theorems] On Formally Undecidable Propositions in Principia Mathematica and Related Systems. He essentially showed that perhaps Russell and Whitehead were fruitlessly chasing their own tails, and that, after all, the idea of putting all of mathematics on a "consistent and complete" foundation was doomed from the beginning. Hence, we pretty much go back to simply saying, "1+1=2 because it just is.". @Siam Habib and @Mardokay Mosazghi Michael Mendrin · 2 years, 7 months ago

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@Mardokay Mosazghi Yea I think so.... Like referring to the proof of \(-1 \times -1 = 1\) as I have posted as a comment above, the lemma proved that \(0 = 0 \times 0\) which most of us think is common sense.... Happy Melodies · 2 years, 7 months ago

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@Mardokay Mosazghi I still wonder that how could they define all the notations for defining multiplication. =="

If the whole point of it is about defining multiplication, why did they want to write about proving \(1+1=2\) instead? Samuraiwarm Tsunayoshi · 2 years, 7 months ago

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@Michael Mendrin hey michael is this book available on internet ? i am eager to see this Rishabh Jain · 2 years, 7 months ago

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@Michael Mendrin OMG 300 pages Aman Sharma · 2 years, 7 months ago

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@Michael Mendrin Yes. Such is mathematics. Arithmetic requires so much information to compute. Sharky Kesa · 2 years, 7 months ago

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Such an easy question but no one can prove it!!! Anuj Shikarkhane · 2 years, 7 months ago

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2+2=(2)+(1+1)=3+1=4 (This is a fact that adding 1 is moving right to the number line which increases the count by 1) Anshul Gupta · 1 year, 9 months ago

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Mind = Blown! :D Sharky Kesa · 2 years, 7 months ago

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@Sharky Kesa Haha Ikr :) Happy Melodies · 2 years, 7 months ago

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