$$\sinh$$ and $$\cosh$$

So I recently found out that

$\sin {(a + bi)} = i\sinh {(b - ai)}$

$\cos {(a + bi)} = \cosh {(b - ai)}$

and that

$\sinh {(x)} = \frac {e^x - e^{-x}}{2}$

$\cosh {(x)} = \frac {e^x + e^{-x}}{2}$

Since

$\frac {a}{b} + \frac {b}{a} = \frac {a^2 + b^2}{ab}$

$\frac {a}{b} - \frac {b}{a} = \frac {a^2 - b^2}{ab}$

and

$(\frac {a}{b})^{-x} = (\frac {b}{a})^x$

Re-arranging the equations for $$\sinh{(x)}$$ and $$\cosh {(x)}$$ gives us

$\sinh {(x)} = \frac {e^{2x} - 1}{2e^x}$

$\cosh {(x)} = \frac {e^{2x} + 1}{2e^x}$

Substituting these into $$\sin {(a + bi)}$$ and $$\cos {(a + bi)}$$ when $$x = b - ai$$ gives us

$\sin {(a + bi)} = i\frac {e^{2(b - ai)} - 1}{2e^{b - ai}}$

$\cos {(a + bi)} = \frac {e^{2(b - ai)} + 1}{2e^{b - ai}}$

I'm going to try and expand and substitute by using

$e^{a + bi} = e^a (\cos {(b)} + i\sin {(b)})$

Let $$\cos {\theta} + i\sin {\theta} =$$ $$cis$$ $$\theta$$. So

$e^{a + bi} = e^a \cdot cis (b)$

Next we substitute this new equation in to get

$\sin {(a + bi)} = i\frac {e^{2b} \cdot cis (-2a) - 1}{2e^{b} \cdot cis (-a)}$

$\cos {(a + bi)} = \frac {e^{2b} \cdot cis (-2a) + 1}{2e^{b} \cdot cis (-a)}$

So what does $$cis(a + bi)$$ equal

Substituting in the two equations gives us

$cis(a + bi) = \frac {e^{2b} \cdot cis (-2a) + 1}{2e^{b} \cdot cis (-a)} + i(i\frac {e^{2b} \cdot cis (-2a) - 1}{2e^{b} \cdot cis (-a)})$

That looks unfriendly, let's simplify it

$cis(a + bi) = \frac {1}{e^{b} \cdot cis(-a)}$

(Go through the steps, it works)

This can be simplified even further

$cis(a + bi) = \frac {cis(a)}{e^b}$

P.s. $(\cos {\theta} + i\sin {\theta})^n = \cos {\theta n} + i\sin{\theta n}$

Note by Jack Rawlin
3 years, 9 months ago

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\begin{align*} \text{cis}(a+bi) &= e^{i(a+bi)}\\ &= e^{ia-b}\\ &= \dfrac{e^{ia}}{e^b}\\ &= \dfrac{\text{cis}(a)}{e^b} \end{align*}

- 3 years, 9 months ago

I did consider that but I wanted to make it as complex as possible so it would be fun to work out.

- 3 years, 8 months ago

Lol..Nice note!!

- 3 years, 8 months ago

Very nice note. Learned a lot!

- 3 years, 9 months ago

Although trigonometric functions can operate complex numbers, I think there is no complex angle but only real angles. Just like a doctor who can save lives, not all lives being saved are human being. Do you agree with me?

- 3 years, 7 months ago