Please can anyone describe the motion of a block of mass \(m\) sliding on smooth inclined plane of mass \(M\) which can slide on the smooth ground. Here, \(g\) is the acceleration due to gravity.

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TopNewestI cannot paste a diagram here but i hope you understand. Take a normal force \(N\) perpendicular to \(m\). I will be solving the sum in the frame of reference of ground, so no pseudo force is required.

Let accelerations of \(m\) be \(a( wrt. M)\) and that of \(M\) be \(A\).

Note that the acceleration of \(m\) wrt. ground in horizontal direction is \((a cosθ - A)\). In vertical direction, it is \(a sinθ.\)

Writing equations,

\(Nsinθ = MA\)

\(Mg - N cos θ = ma~sinθ\)

\(Nsinθ = m ( acosθ - A) \)

Solving,

\( a = \dfrac{(M+m)gsinθ}{M + msin^{2}θ} \)

\(A = \dfrac{mgsinθcosθ}{M + msin^{2}θ}\) – Avineil Jain · 2 years, 10 months ago

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– Saurav Sharma · 2 years, 10 months ago

if we consider this system wrt wedge then we should take the pseudo force as it is in non inertial frame but you didnt considered it.....why????Log in to reply

– Avineil Jain · 2 years, 10 months ago

See my solution again, I have mentioned that i am solving it wrt ground frame!Log in to reply

– Saurav Sharma · 2 years, 10 months ago

got it thanks .........Log in to reply

– Shreyas S K · 2 years, 10 months ago

Thank you very muchLog in to reply

– Rohan Kumar · 2 years, 9 months ago

i dnt thnk so the horizontal acceleration is acos[tita]-A instead it is acos[tita]+A .as its a non inertial frame so pseudo force acts in opposite direction to the motion of the bigger blockLog in to reply

f=ma+mg – Sunitha Bhadragiri · 2 years, 10 months ago

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If we take wedge frame of reference, then there is a pseudo acceleration on the block of mass m to the right. Then use Normal and 'mg' downwards to find the acceleration. – Srinivas Srivasthav Bontula · 2 years, 10 months ago

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– Srinivas Srivasthav Bontula · 2 years, 10 months ago

equations as Aveneil mentionedLog in to reply

because of the gravity why its sliding and the shape of the triangle to – Ben-Rasher Sammain · 2 years, 10 months ago

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please can any body help....... – Shreyas S K · 2 years, 11 months ago

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Its depand upon inclination angle – Kuldip Bum · 2 years, 8 months ago

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Transitional – Ashu Solanki · 2 years, 9 months ago

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the best method to solve or to understand this type of motion is psuedo accerlation – Suryansh Tiwari · 2 years, 9 months ago

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second equation will be : mg = ma sin (theta) + N cos (theta) – Hafiz-ur Rahim · 2 years, 9 months ago

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it undergoes a translational and linear motion – Ayoade Habibullah · 2 years, 9 months ago

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Displacement of centre of mass will be vertically downward. – Ajay Kumar · 2 years, 9 months ago

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Nsin[theta]=MA mgsin[theta]=MA A=mgsin[theta]/M THEN ACCORDING TO NON INERTIAL FRAME NET ACCELERATION OF m BLOCK IS A+a where a=gsin[theta] a[net]=mgsin[theta]/M+gsin[theta] a[net]=gsin[theta][m+M/M] i think this would be the correct ans for the question – Rohan Kumar · 2 years, 9 months ago

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Well, I wish I could help, and also couldn't give you a diagram. First, we must make an agreement to the symbol and the sign, the positive sign and negative sign. Let the block mass m, an inclined plane M, an acceleration for block a, and an acceleration for M is A. We could look the entire objects or it's called a system. The equation will be Sigma Fx=ma, since it's m and a are system we could write as sigma Fx=(m+M)(a cos theta-A). why it should a cos theta? look at the picture, there's an arrow when the small mass are sliding, you could divide it into a cos theta and a sin theta (into a resultant) then you choose the angle is which have a relation to the plane. look again at the equations, it's said Fx, so we should look the acceleration which related to x-axis. then continue to the force, the only force which works on the plane is w sin theta, because there's no other force like friction (because the plane is smooth. so, comes the equation, mg sin theta=(m+M)(a cos theta-A). because you ask the motion of the block, so, a=[mg sin theta/m+M +A]1/cos theta. – Hoshea Simbolon · 2 years, 9 months ago

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gsino. Other wise free fall – Sarvir Singh · 2 years, 10 months ago

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I guess translatory motion – Zain Mehmood · 2 years, 10 months ago

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Khan Academy can very well explain you this.. – Kartik Sharma · 2 years, 10 months ago

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dude if plane is friction less then its acceleration will a=gsin(thita) so simple – Salman Zafar · 2 years, 10 months ago

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