Hey everyone! Sorry for disturbing again,**I again have a doubt!**

It will be very helpful, If you help me clearing it out.

Now lets jump into the question!

**QUESTION**

A cone is placed and a charge is placed at a distance of a m from the base of the cone as shown in the figure.

For our ease, Lets take \(a=1m\) , \(R=1m\) , \(h=1m\) ( height of the cone).

**MY SOLUTION**

Here it goes, First of all, lets find the radius of the small disc we took,

Using Proportionality in triangles, we have

\(\dfrac{R}{h} = \dfrac{r}{h-x}\)

\(\implies r=1-x\). This is the radius of the disc.

So the elemental area = \( 2 \pi (1-x) (-dx)\).

Now Our flux is like this,

\(\phi = \displaystyle{\int_{S} E \cos \theta \times dS}\)

\(\implies \phi= \displaystyle{\int_{0}^{1} \dfrac{q(1+x) \times -2 \pi (1-x) dx}{4 \pi \epsilon_{0} \times (2(1+x^2))^{3/2}}}\)

\(\implies \phi = \displaystyle{\int_{0}^{1} \dfrac{q ( x^2-1) dx}{4\sqrt{2} \epsilon_{0} (1+x^2)^{3/2}}}\)

After evaluating the integral, we get

\(\implies \phi = \dfrac{q}{4 \sqrt{2} \epsilon_{0}} \dfrac{\sqrt{2} \times arsinh(1)-2}{\sqrt{2}}\)

\(\boxed{\implies \phi = \dfrac{q}{4 \sqrt{2} \epsilon_{0}} \dfrac{\sqrt{2} \times arsinh(1)-2}{\sqrt{2}}}\)

But unfortunately our \(\phi\) comes out to be \(-ve\).

Please help!!!

Thanks in Advance!

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## Comments

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TopNewestCourtesy of Gauss' Theorem. the flux through the curved surface area of the cone is equal to the flux through its circular base \(C\). Thus \[ \begin{align} \Phi & = \; \iint_C \mathbf{E} \cdot d\mathbf{S} \; = \; \frac{q}{4\pi \varepsilon_0} \iint_C \frac{\mathbf{r} \cdot d\mathbf{S}}{r^3} \; = \; \frac{q}{4\pi \varepsilon_0}\int_0^R \frac{a}{(a^2 + u^2)^{\frac32}}\,2\pi u\,du \\ & = \; \frac{qa}{2\varepsilon_0}\Big[-(a^2 + u^2)^{-\frac12}\Big]_{u=0}^R \; = \; \frac{qa}{2\varepsilon_0}\left(\frac{1}{a} - \frac{1}{\sqrt{a^2 + R^2}}\right) \end{align} \] and with the given parameters we have \[ \Phi \; = \; \frac{q}{2\varepsilon_0}\left(1 - \tfrac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\right) \]

You are not calculating \(\mathbf{E}\cdot d\mathbf{S}\) correctly. You are using \(E \,\cos\theta \,dS\). In other words, you are assuming that \(d\mathbf{S}\) is horizontal (which works when integrating across the base \(C\)), but this is not true when you are trying to integrate over the curved surface area of the cone.

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But if we are talkimg about the cylinders with same case of placement of charges then we see that they go by my method. Can you plz explain that.. as there also we can just find for base. Thanks.

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If we had a cylinder, the flux through the curved surface would be the flux through the near disc minus the flux through the far disc (so the total flux out of the cylinder is zero), and we can use my method again.

If you insist on integrating over the curved surface, the normal component of \(\mathbf{E}\) would be \(E\sin\theta\). You could integrate that over the surface.

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@Steven Chase , @Aaron Jerry Ninan , @Thomas Jacob , @Shreyansh Mukhopadhyay , @Mark Hennings , @Ankit Kumar Jain

I guess you guys will try helping me finding the correct relation of \(\phi\) as I am getting -ve.

Thanks in Advance! I will be eagerly waiting for your response!

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