# SSA can prove of the congruence of two triangles?

Hey folks! I recently made a project about the congruence of triangles in an advanced way. The one of the topic is SSA (Side-side-angle). Teachers always say that SSA cannot prove two triangles are congruent (the explanation is here), but I want to tell you guys about SSA can prove the congruence of two triangles with some conditions. Let's check this out!

At first, let a triangle be $\Delta ABC$ such that we only know about the length of $AB, BC$ and the size of $\angle A$, by the sine formula, we can show that

$\dfrac { BC }{ \sin { \angle A } } =\dfrac { AB }{ \sin { \angle C } } \rightarrow \sin { \angle C } = \dfrac { AB\sin { \angle A } }{ BC }$

From here there are two cases:

Case $1$, $\sin { \angle C }=1$

There are only $1$ possibility of $\angle C$, which is $90\degree$. Then, we know the size of $\angle A, \angle C$ and the length of $AB$, so we can show that there are only $1$ possible triangle by applying $AAS$. Therefore, we can conclude that when $\sin { \angle C }=\dfrac { AB\sin { \angle A } }{ BC }=1$, which means $\dfrac { BC }{ AB }=\sin { \angle A }$, $SSA$ is true.

Case $2$, $0<\sin { \angle C }<1$

Then, there are $2$ possibilities of $\angle C$, $\sin ^{ -1 }{ \left(\dfrac { AB\sin { \angle A } }{ BC }\right) }$ and $180 \degree-\sin ^{ -1 }{ \left(\dfrac { AB\sin { \angle A } }{ BC }\right) }$. Hence, we need to consider $\angle A$ to find out more conditions of proving $SSA$. By the angle sum of triangle, $\angle C=180\degree-\angle A-\angle B<180\degree-\angle A$. We will consider two cases about $\angle A$

Case $A$, $\angle A \ge 90\degree$

$\angle C<180\degree-\angle A\le 90\degree$. Then, $\angle C$ can only be $\sin ^{ -1 }{ \left(\dfrac { AB\sin { \angle A } }{ BC }\right) }$, so there are only $1$ possible triangle similarly. Therefore, we can conclude that when $\angle A \ge 90\degree$, $SSA$ is true.

Do you notice that? When $\angle A = 90\degree$, it is the same case as RHS (Right angle-hypotenuse-side) or HL (Hypotenuse-leg)

Case $B$, $\angle A < 90\degree$

$\angle C<180\degree-\angle A$. It is true when $\angle C=\sin ^{ -1 }{ \left(\dfrac { AB\sin { \angle A } }{ BC }\right) }$. Because of we want to have $1$ possibility of $\angle C$, we need to ignore the other possibility of $\angle C$, which we get the inequality below:

$90\degree>180\degree-\sin ^{ -1 }{ \left( \dfrac { AB\sin { \angle A } }{ BC } \right) } \ge 180\degree-\angle A\\ \\ \sin { 90\degree } >\sin { \left( 180\degree-\sin ^{ -1 }{ \left( \dfrac { AB\sin { \angle A } }{ BC } \right) } \right) } \ge \sin { \left( 180\degree-\angle A \right) } \\ \\ \dfrac { AB\sin { \angle A } }{ BC } \ge \sin { \angle A } \\ \\ AB\ge BC$

Therefore, we can conclude that when $AB\ge BC$, $SSA$ is true.

To sum up, there is a triangle $\Delta ABC$ given the length of $AB, BC$ and the size of $\angle A$, if this triangle has one or more of the conditions below, then $SSA$ is true:

• $\dfrac { BC }{ AB }=\sin { \angle A }$
• $\angle A \ge 90\degree$
• $AB\ge BC$

Note by Isaac Yiu Math Studio
1 year, 10 months ago

This discussion board is a place to discuss our Daily Challenges and the math and science related to those challenges. Explanations are more than just a solution — they should explain the steps and thinking strategies that you used to obtain the solution. Comments should further the discussion of math and science.

When posting on Brilliant:

• Use the emojis to react to an explanation, whether you're congratulating a job well done , or just really confused .
• Ask specific questions about the challenge or the steps in somebody's explanation. Well-posed questions can add a lot to the discussion, but posting "I don't understand!" doesn't help anyone.
• Try to contribute something new to the discussion, whether it is an extension, generalization or other idea related to the challenge.

MarkdownAppears as
*italics* or _italics_ italics
**bold** or __bold__ bold
- bulleted- list
• bulleted
• list
1. numbered2. list
1. numbered
2. list
Note: you must add a full line of space before and after lists for them to show up correctly
paragraph 1paragraph 2

paragraph 1

paragraph 2

[example link](https://brilliant.org)example link
> This is a quote
This is a quote
    # I indented these lines
# 4 spaces, and now they show
# up as a code block.

print "hello world"
# I indented these lines
# 4 spaces, and now they show
# up as a code block.

print "hello world"
MathAppears as
Remember to wrap math in $$ ... $$ or $ ... $ to ensure proper formatting.
2 \times 3 $2 \times 3$
2^{34} $2^{34}$
a_{i-1} $a_{i-1}$
\frac{2}{3} $\frac{2}{3}$
\sqrt{2} $\sqrt{2}$
\sum_{i=1}^3 $\sum_{i=1}^3$
\sin \theta $\sin \theta$
\boxed{123} $\boxed{123}$

Sort by:

How $\ \ \ 90 \gt 180 -\sin ^{-1} (\frac {c}{a} \sin A) \geq 180 - A \ \$ is true ?

As, $\ \ A < 90 \ \ So \ \ 180 - A \gt 90$

- 1 year, 4 months ago

A great blog you provided for students it will be very helpful for their study.so, keep posting. https://assignmenthelps.co.uk/

- 1 year, 2 months ago

I didn't provide any blog...

- 1 year, 2 months ago

There are many cases it doesn't prove congruency.

- 1 year, 4 months ago

The SSA or ASS combination deals with two sides and the non-included angle. This combination is humorously referred to as the "Donkey Theorem. [url=https://royalbritishessaywriters.co.uk/]business essay writing service[/url] SSA or ASS is NOT a universal method to prove triangles congruent since it cannot guarantee that the shapes of the triangles formed will always be the same.

- 9 months, 1 week ago

×