In how many subsets of $\{ 1, 2, 3, 4, \ldots n\}$ is the sum of the largest element and the smallest element equal to $(n+1)$?

I am able to deduce the following:

- If the smallest element is $1$, then the largest element has to be $n$. The rest of the $n-2$ elements can be "in" or "out", thus the total will be $2^{n-2}$
- Similarly, If the smallest element is $2$, then the largest element has to be $n-1$. And again, it will have $2^{n-4}$ such subsets
- $\ldots \ldots$

- If $n$ is odd the total subsets will be: $2^{n-2} + 2^{n-4} + \ldots + 2^{1}$
- If $n$ is even the total subsets will be: $2^{n-2} + 2^{n-4} + \ldots + 2^{0}$

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## Comments

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TopNewestCan anyone suggest a cleaner and short-hand form for the above answer?

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This is good. Nothing to improve on.

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Ok.

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The best answer possible is given. You can also write it as: $\sum_{n\geq k \geq2:2|k}2^{n-k}$

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Hmm.. it is pretty compact but could be hard to understand. Thanks though!

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Pretty good!

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Thanks!

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No problem!

I had a thought:

For any integer $x$ and any prime $p$, can

$\frac{x}{p}$

always be irreducible if $x$ isn't a factor of $p$?

Make a note on it if you have proof.

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Let $\frac{x}{p} = k$ where '$k$' is an integer.

For $k$ to be an integer, $x = pk$

That means $x$ has to obviously be a multiple of $p$.

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@Hamza Anushath?

Great! You did see my comment toLog in to reply