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Ten words (Just for fun)

How well can we summarise proofs?

Come up with proofs for the following statements in ten words or less. Who can make the most rigorous, accurate proof in just ten words?

\(1\). Among \(51\) integers from \(1\) to \(100 \) inclusive, there exists two summing to \(101\).


\(2\). \(8^{n}-5^{n}\) is a multiple of \(3\) where \(n\) is a positive integer.


\(3\). The point \(O\) in equilateral triangle \(ABC\) such that \(OA+OB+OC\) is minimised is the center of \(ABC\).

All operations, except for brackets, are words.

Note by Joel Tan
3 years, 1 month ago

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1) There are \(50\) pairs with sum \(101\). PHP.

Mursalin Habib - 3 years, 1 month ago

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2) \[8^n - 5^n \equiv 2^n - 2^n = 0 \pmod{3}\]

Sharky Kesa - 3 years, 1 month ago

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Isn't it supposed to be \(8^{n}-5^{n}\) in the very first step...??

Rohit Sachdeva - 3 years, 1 month ago

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Yes, typoed it.

Sharky Kesa - 3 years, 1 month ago

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Proofs:

1) Gauss' pairing trick paired with pigeonhole principle.

2) \(=\) GP with ends \(5^{n-1}, 8^{n-1}\), ratio \(1.6\), summed thrice.

3) By construction of Fermat point, \(O = X(13)\).

Comments:

1) Alliteration 'p's yay! No I really did not want to refer to any language stuff.

2) It is trivial to see that all terms of the GP are integers, and ends refer to initial and final terms. I would have preferred \(3\sum^{n-1}_{k=0}8^{n-1-k}5^k\) but I am not sure how many words would that be.

3) Sorry for the overkill :P But anyway I could have mentioned an equilateral triangle is acute for clarity.

By the way, nice choice of problems!

Yong See Foo - 3 years, 1 month ago

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2) If N>=0, 8^N - 5^N = 0 (mod 3)

Ian Hoolihan - 3 years ago

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There can be 49 pairs summing to 101

Gunit Varshney - 3 years, 1 month ago

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Q.2 It has one factor(8-5) = 3 means it is divisible by 3 Q.3 O is crcumcentre

Ravibhole Bhole - 3 years, 1 month ago

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Maximum is at the fermat point, not at the circumcentre, although it is true in this case since it is equilateral.

Joel Tan - 3 years, 1 month ago

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2.8^n-5^=(8-5)k

Bhaskar Immadisetty - 3 years, 1 month ago

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\(8^{n}-5^{n}=8^{n}-(8-3)^{n}=3A\)

Rohit Sachdeva - 3 years, 1 month ago

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  1. Prove that sum of two integers within 100 is 101.

Uma Shankar - 3 years, 1 month ago

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