How well can we summarise proofs?

Come up with proofs for the following statements in ten words or less. Who can make the most rigorous, accurate proof in just ten words?

\(1\). Among \(51\) integers from \(1\) to \(100 \) inclusive, there exists two summing to \(101\).

\(2\). \(8^{n}-5^{n}\) is a multiple of \(3\) where \(n\) is a positive integer.

\(3\). The point \(O\) in equilateral triangle \(ABC\) such that \(OA+OB+OC\) is minimised is the center of \(ABC\).

All operations, except for brackets, are words.

## Comments

Sort by:

TopNewest1) There are \(50\) pairs with sum \(101\). PHP. – Mursalin Habib · 2 years, 10 months ago

Log in to reply

2) \[8^n - 5^n \equiv 2^n - 2^n = 0 \pmod{3}\] – Sharky Kesa · 2 years, 10 months ago

Log in to reply

– Rohit Sachdeva · 2 years, 10 months ago

Isn't it supposed to be \(8^{n}-5^{n}\) in the very first step...??Log in to reply

– Sharky Kesa · 2 years, 10 months ago

Yes, typoed it.Log in to reply

Proofs:

1) Gauss' pairing trick paired with pigeonhole principle.

2) \(=\) GP with ends \(5^{n-1}, 8^{n-1}\), ratio \(1.6\), summed thrice.

3) By construction of Fermat point, \(O = X(13)\).

Comments:

1) Alliteration 'p's yay! No I really did not want to refer to any language stuff.

2) It is trivial to see that all terms of the GP are integers, and ends refer to initial and final terms. I would have preferred \(3\sum^{n-1}_{k=0}8^{n-1-k}5^k\) but I am not sure how many words would that be.

3) Sorry for the overkill :P But anyway I could have mentioned an equilateral triangle is acute for clarity.

By the way, nice choice of problems! – Yong See Foo · 2 years, 10 months ago

Log in to reply

2) If N>=0, 8^N - 5^N = 0 (mod 3) – Ian Hoolihan · 2 years, 9 months ago

Log in to reply

There can be 49 pairs summing to 101 – Gunit Varshney · 2 years, 10 months ago

Log in to reply

Q.2 It has one factor(8-5) = 3 means it is divisible by 3 Q.3 O is crcumcentre – Ravibhole Bhole · 2 years, 10 months ago

Log in to reply

– Joel Tan · 2 years, 10 months ago

Maximum is at the fermat point, not at the circumcentre, although it is true in this case since it is equilateral.Log in to reply

2.8^n-5^=(8-5)k – Bhaskar Immadisetty · 2 years, 10 months ago

Log in to reply

\(8^{n}-5^{n}=8^{n}-(8-3)^{n}=3A\) – Rohit Sachdeva · 2 years, 10 months ago

Log in to reply

Log in to reply