Here is the previous post concerning the Golden Ratio. For a collection of all the posts concerning the Golden Ratio, click #GoldenRatio below.
Now that we know what the golden ratio is, and why people like it, let's look at it in a geometrical sense, as the greeks would have. One definition of the golden ratio is the one that started this series, based on the golden rectangle. Another definition is as follows:
Divide a line segment into two parts. The Golden Ratio is the ratio of the larger part to the whole, when that ratio is also equal to the ratio of the smaller part to the larger part.
Basically, imagine the line segment pictured above. When we set the two proportions equal to each other we get
Solving this like we did in the first post will indeed yield .
Since this post is kind of short too, I'll add in a teaser. If someone can effectively answer my question before this evening (in the next ten hours), I'll put up the tomorrow's post tonight.
Here's the question: What are the lengths of the diagonals of a regular unit pentagon? Prove it.
See the full proof in here