Discrete Mathematics
# Discrete Probability

Assuming the man distributes the marbles in his best interest, what is the probability that he escapes the island?

The pirate decides to set \(10\) of them free. The \(20\) men are randomly divided into \(10\) pairs. Each pair of men then flip a fair coin to decide who goes free.

The probability that both Jack and Tony are set free is \(\frac{A}{B}\) where \(A\) and \(B\) are co-prime positive integers. Find the value of \(A+B.\)

Suppose \(8\) bugs are positioned at the \(8\) corners of a unit cube, (one bug per corner). Each bug, simultaneously, randomly and independently, chooses one of the \(3\) edges adjacent to its corner to travel on, and then does so until it reaches the next corner. (All the bugs travel at the same constant rate.)

The probability that none of the bugs meets any other bug in this process is \(\dfrac{a}{b}\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive coprime integers. Find \(a + b\).

*n* marbles, some of which are red, the rest of which are white. If you were to draw two marbles (without replacement) from the bag, you'd be just as likely to get different-colored marbles as you would be to get marbles that were the same color. What is the largest possible value of *n* strictly less than 1000?

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