Discrete Mathematics
# Discrete Random Variables

Suppose there is a parking lot where the parking fee is \(6\) dollars for the first hour, and costs an additional fee of \(5\) dollars for every additional hour. There is also an extra charge of \(10\) dollars for trucks, while compact cars get a 50% discount. If the random variable \(X\) represents the number of hours parked, and \(D_{2i}\) and \(D_{3i}\) denote the indicator variables for trucks and compact cars, respectively, which of the following represents the equation for the parking fee \(Y_i\) (in dollars)?

**Note:** \(X\) is calculated as the smallest integer that is larger or equal to the actual number of hours parked. For instance, if a car is parked for 2 and half hours, then \(X=3.\)

Suppose that the remaining life expectancy (in months) when diagnosed with lung cancer is given by the formula: \[y_i=54-11D_{2i}-29D_{3i}-47D_{4i},\] where \(D_{2i}, D_{3i},\) and \(D_{4i}\) are the indicator variables for stages 2, 3, and 4, respectively. If Ronald is diagnosed with lung cancer stage 3, how many more months is he expected to live?

**Note:** There are four stages in lung cancer, where increasing stage results in worse prognosis.

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