Quantitative Finance
# Probability Theory

$10$ seats. The probability that any passenger will not show up for the bus is $0.6,$ independent of other passengers. If the bus company sells $12$ tickets for the bus operation, what is the probability that at least one passenger will have to stand?

A commuter bus hasA parking building which is open for $7$ hours a day has the following fee policy: $18$ dollars per hour for the first 3 hours of parking, and $6$ dollars for each additional hour. Many years of data shows that the number of hours of parking for a car, denoted $X,$ is a discrete random variable with probability function $P(X = k) = \begin{cases} \frac{8 - k }{28}\ ( k = 1,2, \cdots, 7 ) \\ 0 \text{ otherwise.} \end{cases}$

What is the expected parking charge for a car in dollars under this policy?

South Kingston High School, where James is attending, has a policy of giving discipline at weekend to those who were late for school in that week more than $2$ times. The probability that James is late for school is $\frac{2}{13}.$ The tardiness that occurs in any given day is independent of the tardiness that occurs in other days. What is the probability that James gets disciplined this weekend?

**Note:** James goes to school 5 days a week from Monday through Friday.