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Geometric Progressions

A geometric progression is a sequence of numbers where the previous term is multiplied by a constant to get the next term. 1, 2, 4, 8,... is a geometric sequence where each term is multiplied by 2.

Level 4

         

\[S=\dfrac{1×2^2}{10}+\dfrac{2×3^2}{10^2}+\dfrac{3×4^2}{10^3}+\dfrac{4×5^2}{10^4}+\cdots\]

If \(S\) is in the form \(\dfrac{A}{B}\), where \(A\) and \(B\) are coprime positive integers, find the value of \(A+B\).

If the value of

\(\displaystyle \sum_{i = 0}^{\infty } \sum_{j = 0}^{\infty } \sum_{k= 0}^{\infty } \frac{1}{3^{i} 3^{j} 3^{k}}\)
\((i \neq j \neq k)\)

Can be represented as \(\dfrac {m}{n}\)

Then find

\(\displaystyle m \times n\)

Note: You are asked to find the summation over all ordered triplets of distinct non-negative integers.

If

\[\large 1 + \frac{3}{x} + \frac{5}{x^2} + \frac{7}{x^3} + \frac{9}{x^4} +\ldots = 91,\]

then evaluate

\[\large 1 + \frac{4}{x} + \frac{9}{x^2} + \frac{16}{x^3} + \frac{25}{x^4} +\ldots \]

You have a circle (circle 1) inscribed in an equilateral triangle.
Then, you construct another circle (circle 2) that is tangent to two sides of the triangle and to circle 1.
Then, you construct another circle (circle 3) that is tangent to two sides of the triangle and to circle 2.
Then you construct another circle (circle 4) that is tangent to two sides of the triangle and to circle 3.
Then you keep doing this infinitely.
Now, not only do you do this for one angle of the triangle,
but you repeat the same process for the other two angles of the triangle.

By doing the above, you get an infinite number of circles. If the radius of the circle 2 is 1, and if the area covered by all of those circles can be represented in the form \( \dfrac{a \pi}{b} \), where \(a\) and \(b\) are coprime positive integers, find \(a+b\).

\[\large \dfrac{1 \times 2}{10} + \dfrac{2 \times 3}{10^2} + \dfrac{3 \times 4}{10^3} + \dfrac{4 \times 5}{10^4} + \ldots \]

If the value of the series above can be expressed as \(\dfrac{A}{B}\), where \(A\) and \(B\) are coprime positive integers, find the value of \(A+B\).

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