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Isometries

Symmetries are one of the most beautiful part of Geometry. Slide into reflections, rotations, translations, and more, and you'll be on your way to geometric artistry.

Level 2

         

Which of the above has point symmetry about the origin?

There is a new company, Tile Carpets, that sells carpets as individual tiles that can be laid down side by side to form a single solid plane. These pieces of carpet are sold in sets, where every piece in the set is the same shape and size.

In order to form a single carpet, customers arrange the carpet tiles on the floor with no gaps in between them. This is possible for some shapes, but not for others. Which of the following shapes is impossible to lay down with no gaps?

Image source: Allt.

Bob the minion is learning symmetry because he wants to become the evilest supervillain ever. Gru hands him the following figure as an exercise and asks him to mark all the lines of symmetry.

A Somewhat Squashed Star:

Bob draws the following lines; however he is not sure if he is completely correct. Please help him.

Which of these lines are not lines of symmetry for the given figure? Find the sum of all the incorrect lines.

  • As an explicit example, if you think lines \(2\) and \(3\) are not lines of symmetry, then your answer is \( 2 + 3 = 5\).

A square dance has the following commands:

  • "Rotate Right" means everyone moves one pace around the square, counterclockwise.
  • "Rotate Left" means everyone moves one pace around the square, clockwise.
  • "Diagonal Swap" means the person in the lower-left position and the person in the upper-right position switch places, while the other two people stay still.

The Butterfly Basket is a dance that consists of many moves that individual do dancing in place, plus 21 repetitions of the sequence:

{Diagonal Swap -- Rotate Left -- Rotate Left -- Diagonal Swap -- Rotate Right -- }

If Amy starts the dance in the upper left corner of her square, where does she end up at the end of the Butterfly Basket?

When he was 20, Wilson Alwyn “Snowflake” Bentley photographed his first snowflake by perfecting the process of catching the flakes on black velvet before they melted or sublimated. He pioneered the art of snowflake photography, and captured over 5000 beautiful images for us.

In the above image, how many lines of symmetry does the snowflake have?

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