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# Logarithmic Inequalities

Logarithmic inequalities are useful in analyzing situations involving repeated multiplication, such as interest and exponential decay.

# Logarithmic Inequalities - Problem Solving

What is the range of $$x$$ that satisfies the above logarithmic inequality?

The sound intensity level (measured in decibels) is given by the formula: $L_I=10\log\left(\frac{I}{I_0}\right)\text{ (dB)},$ where $$I$$ denotes sound intensity and $$I_0$$ is the reference sound intensity.

An individual is diagnosed as moderate hearing loss when his/her threshold of sound perception is greater than 40 dB and less than or equal to 55 dB. Given that $$I_0=1\text{ pW/m}^2,$$ what is the range of the threshold of sound intensity $$x$$ that a person with moderate hearing loss can perceive?

Details and Assumptions:
- The sound intensity level of a normal conversation is about 50~60 dB, and that of a quiet library is about 40 dB.
- Assume that $$\sqrt{10}\approx3.$$

$$A, B$$ and $$C$$ are positive integers satisfying $$A \geq 2, B \geq 4, C \geq 8$$. What is the minimum integer value of

$\log_A (BC) + \log_B (CA) + \log_C (AB) ?$

Details and assumptions

The minimum integer value of a set, is the smallest integer that appears in the set. As an explicit example, the minimum integer value of the set of numbers $$x$$ satisfying $$x \geq 12.3$$ is 13.

If one root of the following quadratic equation $x^2-2x\log_{9}a+4\log_{9}a=0$ is positive and the other root is negative, what is the range of $$a?$$

If the range of $$x$$ that satisfies the inequality ${4}^4 {7}^4 x^3 > x^{\log_{28}x}$ is $$\alpha < x < \beta,$$ what is the value of $$\alpha\beta ?$$

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