Number theorists study the relationships between numbers, particularly the integers. Number theory in math competitions delves into the less known and often surprising relationships that exist between numbers. To solve problems like the ones in this quiz, you will need to understand relationships like those between prime and composite numbers, the rules for determining divisibility by a digit, or the connections between odd and even numbers.
Let \(n\) be a two-digit number that is divisible by 9. When the digits of \(n\) are reversed, the number formed is divisible by 5. What is the value of \(n?\)
I'm thinking of two positive whole numbers that multiply to 100, neither of which contains the digit 0. What is the sum of these 2 numbers?
If you fill in either a "+" or a "-" sign into each of the boxes below, will the resulting sum be odd or even?
If \[a = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10\] and \[b = 1 \times 2 \times 3 \times 4 \times 5 \times 6\ \times 7 \times 8 \times 9 \times 10,\] what is the greatest common factor of \(a\) and \(b?\)
The number theory questions in math competitions frequently focus on efficiency or numerical relationships. We have units on each of these categories in this course, and you don't need to work through all of the units in this course in order, you can jump directly to whichever one you want to practice.
The unit on Efficiency (Coming soon!) will provide you with a wide array of tools that will save you a lot of time and effort in math competitions, by shortening calculations or even skipping them entirely. It will also show you how to use relationships between numbers to work backwards and find unknowns.
The unit on Diophantine equations (Coming soon!) explores numerical relationships that have many different solutions. You will learn how to use these relationships to determine information that isn't immediately apparent.