Discrete Mathematics

Distribution into Bins

Objects Into Bins Warmup

         

If 10 people each flip a coin 3 times, is it possible for each of the 10 people to get a different sequence of Heads and Tails?

If 10 people each divide 4 balls — colored blue, green, orange, and purple — into 2 groups, is it possible for each of the 10 people to choose a different division?

Note: Each group must contain at least one ball. The groups are not labeled; a group is determined only by the balls it contains. Two divisions are considered different if there is a pair of balls that are both in the same group in one division but are in different groups in the other.

6=6,6=4+1+1,6=3+3,6 = 6, \quad 6 = 4 + 1 + 1, \quad 6 = 3 + 3, \quad \ldots If 10 people each write 6 as a sum of non-increasing positive integers, is it possible for each of the 10 people to choose a different sum?

Note: The single number 6 is considered to be a sum, even though there is no ++ sign.

A sum of non-increasing positive integers is a sum whose terms do not increase from left to right (though they may remain constant). For example, 6=4+1+16 = 4 + 1 + 1 is a sum of non-increasing positive integers, since 4>1=1,4 > 1 = 1, but 1+4+11 + 4 + 1 is not, since 1<4.1 < 4.

202,31,4,112,202, 31, 4, 112, \ldots

If 15 people each write down a positive integer with fewer than 4 digits whose digits add up to 4, is it possible for each of the 15 people to write a different number?

4 friends visit an ice cream parlor that offers vanilla, chocolate, and strawberry ice cream. How many ways are there for the 4 friends to each order a different flavor of ice cream?

Note: Assume each person only orders a single flavor.

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