A variety of phenomena can be captured by simplistic 1-dimensional models. Learn the essentials of mechanical motion in this stripped-down setting.

An object of mass \(610 \text{ g}\) is held on by a string that hangs from the ceiling. Two men pull the object downward with forces \(1.7\text{ N}\) and \(4.2\text{ N},\) respectively, but the object stays still. What is the approximate magnitude of tension in the string?

The acceleration of gravity on earth is about \(9.8\text{ m/s}^2.\)

A sandbag weighing \(61.0 \text{ kg}\) hangs from a rope that is connected to the ceiling. If the sandbag is not moving, what is the approximate magnitude of the tension in the rope?

The acceleration of gravity on earth is about \(9.81\text{ m/s}^2.\)

A 80 kg climber is standing horizontally on a perfectly vertical cliff face as shown in the picture. The climber is 1.8 meters tall and is attached by a 2-meter-long rope fastened around the climber's middle to a point on the cliff above him. What is the normal force the cliff face exerts on the climber in **Newtons**?

**Details and assumptions**

- The climber is not moving.
- The acceleration of gravity is \(-9.8\text{ m/s}^2\).
- The center of mass of the climber is at the point where the rope meets their body.

Assume that gravitational acceleration is \(g=10\text{ m/s}^2.\)

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