A problem by Pratik Vora
From a group of 545 contenders, a party has to select a leader. Even after holding a series of meetings, the politicians and the general body failed to reach a consensus. It was then proposed that all 545 contenders be given a number from 1 to 545. Then they will be asked to stand on a podium in a circular arrangement, and counting would start from the contender numbered 1. The counting would be done in a clockwise fashion.
The rule is that every 300th contender would be asked to step down as the counting continued, with the circle getting smaller and smaller, till only one person remains standing. (Therefore the first person to be eliminated would be the contender numbered 300.)
It is known that, for a group of 542 people the right position to become a leader would be 437. What is the right position for the whole group of 545 as per the modified rule?