An interesting trajectory

A particle describes a path (see the figure below) which in polar coordinates is given by the equation r2=R2cos(2θ). r^{2}= R^{2}\cos(2\theta). It turns out that such trajectory is possible when the particle moves under the influence of a central force of the form F(r)=Crn F(r)=\frac{C}{r^{n}} where CC is a constant, rr is the distance to the origin O and nn is an integer. Determine nn.

Note that a central force is always directed toward a fixed point (point O in this case).

Details and assumptions

  • Consider only one half of the diagram, i.e. the particle travels around the left lobe or the right lobe, but not both.
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