Aunty's Teacups

Discrete Mathematics Level 5

We are given 16 teacups, four each in each of four colours, and, similarly, 16 saucers. Arrange the cups on top of the saucers in a 4 by 4 square grid so that:

  1. in each row and column, there is one cup of each colour;

  2. in each row and column, there is one saucer of each colour;

  3. (Orthogonality Condition) no cup-saucer colour combination is repeated. (To be clear, this means that, for example, red-on-green and green-on-red are both allowed.)

In how many ways can you arrange the teacups?

Note: A computer may be necessary but you must use reasoning too, to help you program it.


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