Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory

Chemistry Level pending

In chemistry, the Brønsted–Lowry theory is an acid–base reaction theory, proposed independently by Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted and Thomas Martin Lowry in \(1923.\) The fundamental concept of this theory is that an acid (or Brønsted acid) is defined as being able to lose, or "donate" a proton (the hydrogen cation, or \(\ce{H+}\)) while a base (or Brønsted base) is defined as a species with the ability to gain, or "accept," a proton. The above shows the reaction model where an ammonia \((\ce{NH3})\) and a hydrogen chloride \((\ce{HCl})\) molecules react to produce an ammonium ion \((\ce{NH4+})\) and a chloride ion \((\ce{Cl-})\). Which of the following correctly lists all, if any, of the Brønsted acids and Brønsted bases?

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