There are exactly ten ways of selecting three from five, 12345:

123, 124, 125, 134, 135, 145, 234, 235, 245, and 345

In combinatorics, we use the notation, 5C3 = 10.

In general,

\(nCr=\frac { n! }{ (n-r)!r! } \).

,where r ≤ n, n! = n×(n−1)×...×3×2×1, and 0! = 1. It is not until n = 23, that a value exceeds one-million: 23C10 = 1144066.

How many, not necessarily distinct, values of nCr, for 1 ≤ n ≤ 100, are greater than one-million?

This problem is from a site known as project euler

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