# Monty Hall revisited

Logic Level 5

Suppose you're a contestant on a game show and the host shows you 5 curtains. The host informs you that behind 3 of the curtains lie lumps of coal, but behind the other 2 curtains lie separate halves of the same $10,000 bill. He then asks you to choose 2 curtains; if these 2 curtains are the ones with the 2 bill halves behind them then you win the$10,000, otherwise you go home with nothing.

After you choose your 2 curtains, the host opens one of the remaining 3 curtains that he knows has just a lump of coal behind it. He then gives you the following options:

(0) stick with the curtains you initially chose,
(1) swap either one of your curtains for one of the remaining curtains, or
(2) swap both of your curtains for the remaining 2 curtains.

Let $$p(k), k = 0, 1, 2$$, be the respective probabilities of winning the money in scenarios $$(k)$$ as outlined above. Then $p(2) - p(0) - p(1) = \dfrac{a}{b},$ where $$a$$ and $$b$$ are coprime positive integers. Find $$a + b$$.

×