The Living Being Kingdoms

Logic Level 3

On the 60's, Herbert Copeland proposed a 4 kingdom's classification for all living things: Monera, Protista, Metaphyta and Metazoa. On 1969, Robert H. Whitaker suggested a new classification, which, after contributions of Lynn Margulis, Carl Woese and Peter Raven, comprehend the following kingdoms: Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantæ and Animalia. On Copeland classification, consider \({A}\) as the set of Monera, \({B}\) the set of Protista, \({C}\) of Metaphyta and \({D}\) of Metazoa living beings. Denoting by \({\textit{F}}\) the set of all Fungi living beings, according to Whitaker's classification, in relation to the kingdoms of Copeland classification, we have that:

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