# Union and Intersection

The **union** of 2 sets \(A\) and \(B\) is denoted by \( A \cup B \). This is the set of all distinct elements that are in \(A\) or \(B \). A useful way to remember the symbol is \(\cup\)nion. We can define the union of a collection of sets, as the set of all distinct elements that are in any of these sets.

The **intersection** of 2 sets \(A\) and \(B\) is denoted by \(A \cap B \). This is the set of all distinct elements that are in both \(A\) and \(B\). A useful way to remember the symbol is i\(\cap\)tersection. We define the intersection of a collection of sets, as the set of all distinct elements that are in all of these sets.

## If \( A = \{ 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 \} \) and \( B = \{ 2, 3, 5, 7, \} \), what are \( A \cup B \) and \( A \cap B \)?

We have

\[\begin{align} A \cup B &= \{ 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9 \} \\ A \cap B &= \{ 3, 5, 7 \}. \ _\square \end{align}\]

A great way of thinking about union and intersection is by using Venn diagrams. These are explained as follows:

We will represent sets with circles.

Then we can put the values in appropriate areas.

The Union is any region including either A or B.

The Intersection is any region including both A and B.

The diagrams we have drawn are called the Venn diagrams.

**Cite as:**Union and Intersection.

*Brilliant.org*. Retrieved from https://brilliant.org/wiki/sets-union-and-intersection-easy/