A complex fraction is a fraction with a numerator or denominator that also contains a fraction. As an example, the following is a complex fraction:
The easiest way to simplify complex fractions is to first express (if possible) the numerator and the denominator as fractions.
Now, we can rewrite the fractions side-by-side and simplify using division:
Multiplying both the numerator and denominator by which is the common denominator of and we have