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A Problem with a Heptagon

Prove that in a regular heptagon \(V_1V_2\cdots V_7\), that \(\dfrac{1}{V_1V_2}=\dfrac{1}{V_1V_3}+\dfrac{1}{V_1V_4}\).

Challenge: Prove it only using standard Geometry.

I know this problem is from a contest somewhere, but I can't find the source; it would be nice if someone can post a link to the source.

Note by Daniel Liu
3 years, 6 months ago

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From Ptolemy on \( V_1 V_2 V_3 V_5 \), we have \( V_1 V_2 \cdot V_3 V_5+V_2 V_3 \cdot V_1 V_5=V_1 V_3 \cdot V_2 V_5 \).

Because \( V_2 V_5=V_1 V_4=V_1 V_5 \), \( V_3 V_5=V_1 V_3 \), and \( V_2 V_3=V_1 V_2 \) the equation can be rewritten as \( V_1 V_2 \cdot V_1 V_3+V_1 V_2 \cdot V_1 V_4=V_1 V_3 \cdot V_1 V_4 \)

Dividing by \( V_1 V_2 \cdot V_1 V_3 \cdot V_1 V_4 \) on both sides, we have \( \frac{1}{V_1V_2}=\frac{1}{V_1V_3}+\frac{1}{V_1V_4} \), as desired. Minimario Minimario · 3 years, 6 months ago

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@Minimario Minimario Because any isosceles trapezoid is cyclic. Bob Krueger · 3 years, 6 months ago

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@Bob Krueger Alternately, since the original heptagon is cyclic. Michael Tang · 3 years, 6 months ago

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The problems come from Indian INMO 1992. See here : Its problem 9. Shivang Jindal · 3 years, 6 months ago

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@Shivang Jindal well I know that too,still it`s not the exact one. Chirayata Bhatttachharyya · 3 years, 6 months ago

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it`s from B.MATH HONS. ADM TEST 2009 BY ISI Chirayata Bhatttachharyya · 3 years, 6 months ago

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Its from my facebook page.You may see it. Its link is https://www.facebook.com/StudyingMath . And a solution using trignometry is given there.This question is somewhere in the last ones.Check it.And if u don't have fb account, Then I can post that solution here. Dinesh Chavan · 3 years, 6 months ago

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@Dinesh Chavan No, sorry; I'm pretty sure it is from a competition. Please do post the solution here, though. Daniel Liu · 3 years, 6 months ago

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@Dinesh Chavan please do.i have no fb accnt Chirayata Bhatttachharyya · 3 years, 6 months ago

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@Chirayata Bhatttachharyya Sorry for the late reply.I was engaged with my school exams.Here is a link for the imahe.If you still have any difficulties, then you can tell me. https://imageshack.com/i/141fnrp . Sorry I can't upload an image on brilliant.And let me know if you did not get any steps.And after the image It follows that 7y/4=(pi)/2 so y=2(pi)/7. therefore number of sides =7. Dinesh Chavan · 3 years, 6 months ago

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An announcement here: sorry for not posting any #CosinesGroup posts recently. I have a bunch of homework recently, so I didn't find the time to write any.

I promise that the next post will come no later than a week :) Daniel Liu · 3 years, 6 months ago

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