# Mechanism Challenge - 1

I wanted to make a monthly segment (if possible) presenting a challenge to the chemistry community here on Brilliant. This will be the first (of hopefully many) challenge(s):

Furan is an aromatic heterocylic that is known to participate in pericyclic reactions. The most common way of preparing such a ring is through metal mediated cyclization reactions.

The following conversion has no additional reagents and the initial compound is mildly heated to obtain the product. The conversion involves three steps:

A mechanism can be either hand drawn or made using an online web tool. An answer will be provided in 96 hours (or earlier) if no one can provide a suitable mechanism.

Note by Vitthal Yellambalse
2 years, 11 months ago

This discussion board is a place to discuss our Daily Challenges and the math and science related to those challenges. Explanations are more than just a solution — they should explain the steps and thinking strategies that you used to obtain the solution. Comments should further the discussion of math and science.

When posting on Brilliant:

• Use the emojis to react to an explanation, whether you're congratulating a job well done , or just really confused .
• Ask specific questions about the challenge or the steps in somebody's explanation. Well-posed questions can add a lot to the discussion, but posting "I don't understand!" doesn't help anyone.
• Try to contribute something new to the discussion, whether it is an extension, generalization or other idea related to the challenge.

MarkdownAppears as
*italics* or _italics_ italics
**bold** or __bold__ bold
- bulleted- list
• bulleted
• list
1. numbered2. list
1. numbered
2. list
Note: you must add a full line of space before and after lists for them to show up correctly
paragraph 1paragraph 2

paragraph 1

paragraph 2

[example link](https://brilliant.org)example link
> This is a quote
This is a quote
    # I indented these lines
# 4 spaces, and now they show
# up as a code block.

print "hello world"
# I indented these lines
# 4 spaces, and now they show
# up as a code block.

print "hello world"
MathAppears as
Remember to wrap math in $$ ... $$ or $ ... $ to ensure proper formatting.
2 \times 3 $2 \times 3$
2^{34} $2^{34}$
a_{i-1} $a_{i-1}$
\frac{2}{3} $\frac{2}{3}$
\sqrt{2} $\sqrt{2}$
\sum_{i=1}^3 $\sum_{i=1}^3$
\sin \theta $\sin \theta$
\boxed{123} $\boxed{123}$

Sort by:

The given figure hides some details about the reactant. It appears as though one large conjugated system exists but in reality, because of steric hindrance, the ring system tilts out of the plane. This splits the compound into two smaller conjugated systems. since we are just heating the compound, all reactions must be pericyclic in nature.

We start by noticing that within this large compound a diene (circled in black) and a dienophile (circled in red) can form a Diels-Alder adduct. It is important to remember that only the circled double bond can be chosen as a dienophile because of its proximity to the diene.

The next question we have to tackle is regio-selectivity. Since we are dealing with two different conjugated systems we start with the acrolein derivative. Drawing its canonical forms we observe that charges deposit on particular atoms in the system. This is illustrated below : (The phenyl ring is omitted for clarity and Ar denotes the ring system)

The same can be done for the other system as well : (The acrolein system is omitted for clarity)

Knowing that charges will accumulate at these sites we can draw a transition state that shows us which conformation the molecule will adapt for the formation of the Diels-Alder adduct:

From here the structure of the first precursor is apparent :

However, this precursor is not stable. The three membered ring that is fused with larger systems experiences a large amount of angle strain. A keen reader would now notice that two double bonds are conveniently placed along with one side of the three membered ring to form a cyclohexadiene ring. This cyclohexadiene system can participate in an electrocyclic ring opening to relieve angle strain. This opening generates the second precursor:

It should be apparent to the reader that the next step is a hydrogen shift. This occurs as during such a process both the furan ring and the benzene ring regain aromaticity. The highlighted hydrogen undergoes a [1,5] shift to generate the final compound :

Hence the three steps are:

• An electrocyclic ring opening
• A [1,5] hydrogen shift

- 2 years, 11 months ago

Awesome explanation!! :D

- 2 years, 11 months ago

One doubt , how did you get the ring system charge distribution for 1st step?

- 2 years, 11 months ago

When the negative charge shifts into the cyclohexadiene system to give us two benzene rings.

- 2 years, 11 months ago

Ohk thanks

- 2 years, 11 months ago

Invitations @Prakhar Bindal @aryan goyat @Archit Agrawal @David Hontz @Dylan McQuiston @puneet mangla @Teleanu Florin and all Chem lovers .... I am already invited ! :) Right? @Vitthal Yellambalse

- 2 years, 11 months ago

u forgot me :( bro ???

- 2 years, 11 months ago

Oops sorry ! Actually I surfed the Chemistry column of community and invited those who have posted hard level problems (due to lack of time ) .

- 2 years, 11 months ago

now i have posted one ,plz do try bro-->aniket sanghi :)  https://brilliant.org/problems/chemistry-for-life/#

- 2 years, 11 months ago

Yes you are. Don't forget about the correction!

- 2 years, 11 months ago

That's great! Would love to see more chemistry problems and develop the chemistry community!

Staff - 2 years, 11 months ago

Note that there are two fused benzene rings in the product contrary to what the figure shows. I hope to see a few mechanisms soon.

- 2 years, 11 months ago

Meaning?

- 2 years, 11 months ago

Along with the two benzene rings the other fused six membered diene should also be a benzene ring. I forgot to mention "fused" in the initial statement.

- 2 years, 11 months ago

Got it! :)

- 2 years, 11 months ago

Next question in mechanism challenge ?

- 2 years, 11 months ago

Probably next week...

- 2 years, 11 months ago

Waiting eagerly! :D

- 2 years, 11 months ago

try my chem problem ..only 1 solver till now :(

- 2 years, 11 months ago

And why don't you try the second challenge

- 2 years, 11 months ago

where is it ?

- 2 years, 11 months ago

here

- 2 years, 11 months ago

will try later today , seems tough :D

- 2 years, 11 months ago

I hope to see a few mechanisms!

- 2 years, 11 months ago

So are you up for a challenge?

- 2 years, 11 months ago

may be , yes :D

- 2 years, 11 months ago