# Some doubts

Please take some your time to clarify my doubts:

• Find the coefficient of $${ x }^{ 98 }$$ in the expansion of$$\left( 1+x+{ x }^{ 2 }+{ x }^{ 3 }+...+{ x }^{ 99 } \right) ^{2}$$

• The sides of a quadrilateral are all positive integers and three consecutive sides are $5$, $10$ and $20$. How many possible values are there for the fourth side?

• What is the maximum number of intersecting points formed with four circles and two straight lines?

• If a natural number ${ n }^{ 2 }$ has $55$ divisors and $n$ has only two prime divisors then what is the number of divisors of $n$? Note by Swapnil Das
5 years, 10 months ago

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## Comments

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The first one,

= (1+x+x^2+x^3+..........+x^99)(1+x+x^2+x^3+..........+x^99).

to find coefficient of x^98 is,

1(by multipling 1 and x^98)+1(by multipling x and x^97)+1(by multipling x^2 and x^96)+..................+1(by multipling x^98 and 1) = 99.

Please correct me if I am wrong.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Oh, I get it! Thanks!

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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The third one,

2 straight lines intersect at maximum 2C2 points which is 1. A line and a circle intersect at 2 points. So, 2 lines and 4 circles intersect at 2C1 x 4C1 x 2 points = 12. 2 circles intersect at two points. So, 4 circles intersect at 4C2 x 2 = 12 ways.

So, maximum number of intersections is 1+12+12 = 25.

Correct me if I am wrong.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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[This is not a solution, just a comment]

Note that your first question has a nice combinatorial interpretation:

Find the number of ways in which you can get a sum of $98$ by adding two elements of the set $A=\{0,1,2,\ldots,99\}$ and order of selection of elements is significant, i.e., selecting $(a,b)$ is different from selecting $(b,a)$.

The product in the problem is just the generating function for the above combinatorial problem and the coefficient of $x^{98}$ denotes the number of ways in which you can sum two elements from the set $A$ to get $98$.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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For the last doubt i think the number of divisors of $n$ is $18$

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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$18$ is there in the options. Can you tell the process please?

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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let $p$ and $q$ the prime divisors of $n$ and $n=p^m.q^k$ so the number of divisors of $n$ is $(k+1)(m+1)$.

and $n^2=p^{2m}.q^{2k}$ so the number of divisors of $n^2$ is $(2m+1)(2k+1)=55=5 \times 11$ so $k=2 and m=5$ which mean the number of divisors of $n$ is $3 \times 6=18$

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Excellent explanation! Thank You.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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You're welcome :)

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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It is 18.

n^2 has 55 factors which is 5 x 11.

which is (a+1)(b+1) where n^2 = x^a * y^b where a and b are powers of two primes x and y.

Hence, a and b are 4 and 10.

And n = x^2 * y^5 or x^5 *y^2.

Now the number of factors of n is (2+1)(5+1) = 18.

Hope that helps!

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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1) 99. 2) 551?

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Yeah. I had made a grave error for the second question. Here's the answer: $34$

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Please post the solution.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Sure, let's talk in the lounge?

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Sure, but before that please try my Trigo Fun problem as Nelson Sir is telling that the answer is wrong.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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The answer should be $(3-\sqrt 3)cos\theta$

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Which is equal to $\sqrt { 3 } sin(\theta )$ as $\tan(\theta)$ is equal to root(3) -1. take root(3) common and put root(3) -1 as $\tan(\theta)$.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Yeah.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Please check the solution.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Can you explain how you got the 5th step from the 4th one?

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Yeah, I didn't get that too.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Factorize it: a^2-b^2

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Factorization: a^2-b^2

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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There you did the mistake.

2cos(theta)+sin(theta) is not equal to 2root(3)cos(theta).

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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And the values of possible length's that the third side can take are, $\text{33, 32, 31, 30, 29, 28, 27 . . . , 1, 0}$

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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In your question trigo fun, I think the answer is $\sqrt { 3 } sin(\theta )$. Can you post the solution please.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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Thanks, I have deleted the problem and I will repost it later.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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@Swapnil Das which book you refer for solving these types of questions?and also are you giving nmtc this year?

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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I mostly refer internet for solving these type of problems ( Brilliant is only source). No.

- 5 years, 10 months ago

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