I had posted this as a problem but I think my approach to the problem wasn't right.

Three archers **A** , **B** and **C** are standing equidistant from each other, forming an equilateral triangle. Archer **A** , **B** and **C** has **1/3** , **2/3** and **1** probability of hitting the target they aimed for , respectively.

The three archers will play a survival game. The objective of the game for all players is to kill the other two archers and be the only survivor. Deliberate missing is not allowed.

The person who is to shoot a particular shot is to be chosen AT RANDOM among the people alive right before the shot ( which means **ABAABBBABAA** is possible as is **CAAAAA** ) .

Assuming that all archers will die if he is hit by an arrow aimed at him, and that **all archers will make the best possible optimal moves to maximize their chances of winning (surviving)** the probability that Archer A wins can be expressed as **a/b** where **a** and **b** are co-prime positive integers.

All comments are welcome...

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TopNewestI got my answer as

297/1120. Hopefully thats not right.Original Problem 1

Original Problem 2

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What do you think about following approach?

Strategy for A (when A is chosen):

with probability \( p \) he aims at C (tries to kill him),

with probability \( 1-p \) he deliberately miss his shot.

Calculate the probability that C is killed the first. A and B had been chosen and they always missed C until finally one of them succeeded. Hence the probability that C is killed at step \( n+1 \) is:

\( ( \frac {1}{3} \cdot ( p \cdot \frac {2}{3} + ( 1-p ) \cdot \frac {3}{3} ) + \frac {1}{3} \cdot \frac {1}{3} ) ^ n \cdot ( \frac {1}{3} \cdot p \cdot \frac {1}{3} + \frac {1}{3} \cdot \frac {2}{3} ) = ( \frac {4-p} {9} ) ^ n \cdot \frac {p+2}{9} \)

Now, after summation of geometric series

\( \frac {p+2}{9} \cdot \frac {1}{1 - \frac {4 -p}{9} } = \frac {p+2}{p+5} \)

Probability that C is killed the first is \( \frac {p+2}{p+5} \) and hence

\( 1 - \frac {p+2}{p+5} = \frac {3}{ p+5} \)

is the probability that B is killed the first.

If C is killed then its duel between A and B. The probability that A wins at step \( n+1 \) is

\( ( \frac {1}{2} \cdot \frac {2}{3} + \frac {1}{2} \cdot \frac {1}{3} ) ^ n \cdot ( \frac {1}{2} \cdot \frac {1}{3} ) = ( \frac {1} {2} ) ^ n \cdot \frac {1}{6} \)

After summation, the probability that A wins duel with B is

\( \frac {1}{6} \cdot \frac {1}{1 - \frac {1}{2} } = \frac {1}{3} \)

Finally: A can win in two ways: C is killed and A wins duel with B or B is killed and then A is chosen and A hit C. Hence the probability that A wins is:

\( \frac {p+2}{p+5} \cdot \frac {1}{3} + \frac {3}{ p+5} \cdot \frac {1}{2} \cdot \frac{1}{3} = \frac {2p+7}{6p+30} \)

The probability that A wins is \( \frac {2p+7}{6p+30} \) and it is increasing function on interval \( [0,1] \). So, the optimal strategy for A to win is \( p=1 \) (always aim to opponent ) and maximum probability to win is \( \frac {1}{4} \).

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