# Whats up with the Bravais Lattices?

Hello everyone.

We're doing 'The Solid State' in our school where I first went through the concept of Unit Cells Lattices. Can someone help me through with -

1) Why are there only 14 such lattices?

2) How can one give a rigorous proof about the non existence of unit cells of 'End-centered cubic lattice' and 'face centered tetragonal lattice'.

Thank you!

Note by Priyansh Sangule
3 years, 2 months ago

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## Comments

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2) Even if you put particles on edge centers, it will again form same type of but smaller simple cubic unit cells. And same is the case of face centered tetragonal lattice.

- 3 years, 2 months ago

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Indeed. This is what my teacher explained me. BTW what about the other cases? Do all of them have the same reasoning?

- 3 years, 2 months ago

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May be they exist but , their properties may be similar to one of those 14. And this can be reason for having only 14 bravais lattice.

- 3 years, 2 months ago

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1 is a bit difficult to show.

For 2, the main idea is that if you did place lattice points at those places, you'd get smaller unit cells as repeating patterns.

I came to know about this from the coursera course on "Symmetry: Beauty, Form and Function"

To begin with, I suggest you look up the Wallpaper Symmetry Groups first.

(by the way, I do not have the full answer to your question)

Staff - 3 years, 2 months ago

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Hey, thanks for your views bro! :D

- 3 years, 2 months ago

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See, both of the things you have asked are based on observations so there is actually no answer. The reason agnishom gave is what I don't know.

- 3 years, 2 months ago

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The answer to the first could be that only 14 bravais lattice are seen practically yet.

- 3 years, 2 months ago

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Nope, they are mathematical structures - not empirically derived structures in chemistry.

Staff - 3 years, 2 months ago

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You both are somewhat right. They do are mathematical structures but we exclude the ones which are practically not possible.

- 3 years, 2 months ago

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Which ones are they?

Staff - 3 years, 2 months ago

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Like, Edge Centric and other cases...

- 3 years, 2 months ago

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As far as my understanding goes, there are no edge centric bravais lattices because inserting lattice points at the midpoint of every edge it instead transform into another kind of Bravais Lattice

Staff - 3 years, 2 months ago

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Yes. I think this is more appropriate. Thanks!

- 3 years, 2 months ago

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Your understanding is, well, alright as always! $$\ddot\smile$$

- 3 years, 2 months ago

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